BSU


Sources for the Investiture Controversy



Version 1.0 (9/2017)

compiled by J. R. Webb
St-Omer 698


       home     |    list of sources

expand/collapse all

 

Date Author Title

date genre location
Author
Title [Title in English]
Edition (link)

surviving manuscripts (MSS)
    in alphabetical order of location, divided into two groups: pre-1500 & post-1500
    place names are given in their original language: e.g. Wien and not Vienna

miscellaneous comments (if applicable)


1031–1049 Wido / Pseudo-Paschalis Epistola ad Mediolanensem ecclesiam

1031‒1049 polemic northern Italy
Wido/Guido of Arezzo/Pseudo-Paschalis
Epistola ad Mediolanensem ecclesiam [Letter to the Milanese Church]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 1: 5–7 (link)
*ed. J. Gilchrist, in Deutsches Archiv 37 (1981): 594–604 (link)

over thirty MSS (according to Gilchrist), many of which are larger canonical collections
The following nine are the earliest (saec. xi):
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 4 (P.I.8), fol. 146v-147r (link)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Pluteus XVI 21, fol. 243v-244r
    Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 11548 (Be 106), fol. 64v
    Monza, Archivio Capitolare, d-10/152, fol. 27r-28v
    Paris, BnF, lat. 4281, fol. 101r-102r
    Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, 676, p. 180 (link)
    Sélestat, Bibliothèque humaniste, 13, fol. 45v-46v
    Tarragona, Biblioteca pública, 26, fol. 121r-123r
    Vaticano, BAV, Barb. lat. 581, fol. 242v


1040–1072 Peter Damiani Epistolae

1049–1072 letters/treatises northern Italy
Peter Damiani, prior of Fonte Avellana, cardinal-bishop of Ostia (1057–1067)
Epistolae [Letters]
ed. K. Reindel, MGH Breife der deutschen Kaiserzeit 4 (1983–93) [4 vols.] (link)

233 MSS located by Reindel (link)
The following fiftteen are all from the eleventh century:
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut. XXII Dext. 14
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut. LXXXX Sup. 17.2
    Frascati, Archivio della Congregazione di Monte Corona, Cod. Tusc. 287
    London, Lambeth Palace Library, 351
    Montecassino, Archivio e Biblioteca dell'Abbazia, 292
    Montecassino, Archivio e Biblioteca dell'Abbazia, 358
    Montecassino, Archivio e Biblioteca dell'Abbazia, 359
    Paris, BnF, lat. 15146
    Vaticano, BAV, Chigi A VII 218
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 202 (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 650 (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3797 (most complete early codex) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 4930
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 5075
    Vaticano, BAV, Urbinus lat. 503 (149)

Particularly important treatises for the Investiture Controversy include:
[1049] Liber Gomorrhianus (Epist. 31), ed. Reindel 4.1: 285-330 (link) : 22 MSS (13 complete / 9 partial)
[1052, addendum in 1061] Liber gratissimus (Epist. 40), ed. Reindel 4.1: 388-509 (link) : 32 MSS (9 complete / 23 partial)
[1062] Disceptatio synodalis (Epist. 89), ed. Reindel 4.2: 541-572 (link) : 8 MSS (4 complete / 4 partial)
The latter two were both previously edited by L. von Heinemann in MGH LdL 1: 15-94 (link).

Several shorter letters from the 1060s deal directly with clerical celibacy:
    Epist. no. 112 to Kunibert, bishop of Turin [1064]
    Epist. no. 114 to Adelaide of Turin [1064]
    Epist. no. 141 to the chaplains of Duke Godfrey [1066], which also refers to simony
    Epist. no. 162 to Archpriest Peter [1069]


1047–1048   De ordinando pontifice

1047‒1048 polemic northern France?
De ordinando pontifice [On the ordination of the pope]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 1: 8–14 (link)
ed. E. Frauenknecht, MGH Studien und Texte 5 (1992), 73–99

one MS (incomplete):
    Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, Voss. lat. Q. 10, fol. 94r-98v (saec. xi)


  1049–1054 Leo IX Epistolae et decreta pontificia

1049–1054 letters Rome
Leo IX, bishop Bruno of Toul (1026–1052), pope (1049–1054)
Epistolae et decreta pontificia [Letters and papal decrees]
PL 143: 591–782 (link)
ed. C. Will, Acta et scripta quae de controversiis Ecclesiae Graecae et Latinae Saeculo undecimo composita extant (1861), 65–92 (link) contains the three important letters to Constantinople written in 1053–1054: JL 4302, JL 4332, & JL 4333.

various MSS, though the lack of a critical edition makes precision difficult; no papal register survives


1050–1054 Humbert of Silva Candida? Epistola de simoniaca heresi

1050–1054 letter/polemic southern Italy
Humbert of Silva Candida?
Epistola de simoniaca heresi [Letter on the simoniac heresy]
ed. J.J. Ryan in Mediaeval Studies 15 (1953), 239-242 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3830, fol. 17r-19v (saec. xi)

Humbert is the most likely francigena author of this letter to a Byzantine official in Calabria, since the sentiments in the letter are closely tied to those later expressed in the Adversus simoniacos; he also bore the hopeful title of archbishop of Sicily in 1050.


1053–1054 Humbert of Silva Candida De sancta Romana ecclesia

1053–1054 polemic Rome
Humbert, cardinal-bishop of Silva Candida (1051–1061)
De sancta Romana ecclesia [On the holy Roman church]
ed. P.E. Schramm, Kaiser, Rom und Renovatio 2 (Leipzig, 1929): 128–133 (link)

The text survives only in two fragments, preserved across five MSS
    London, BL, Add. 8873, fol. 191 (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 1458, fol. 248v-249r, 251v-252r (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3833, fol. 47r-v (saec. xiiin) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 973, fol. 132r (saec. xiii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 399, fol. 67r, (saec. xv)


1057–1058 Humbert of Silva Candida Adversus simoniacos libri tres

1057–1058 polemic Rome
Humbert, cardinal-bishop of Silva Candida (1051–1061)
Adversus simoniacos libri tres [Three books against the simoniacs]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 1: 100–253 (link

two MSS
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut. 19.34, 1r-153v (saec. xi) (link)
    Vich, Museu episcopal, 104 (saec. xi/xii)

one (post-1500)
   Paris, BnF, lat. 12310 (saec. xviii)


1059 Nicholas II De concilio Lateranensi

1059 council Rome
Gerard of Burgundy, bishop of Florence (1045–1061), Pope Nicholas II (1059–1061)
De concilio Lateranensi  [Pronouncements of the Lateran Council]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 539–551 (link)
ed. D. Jasper, MGH Conc. 8: 382–407

Decretum electionis pontificiae [Decree on papal election]
five MSS
    Bergamo, Biblioteca civica Angelo Mai, MA 244, fol. 81v-83r (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 10402, fol. 67r-68v (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3187, fol. 146 (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1345, fol. 139v (saec. xiii) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1361, fol. 57v-58v (1130s) (link)
It also appears in Ivo of Chartres' Panormia (III.1) and the Chronicon of Hugh of Flavigny.

The papal election decree was altered ca. 1080 by Wibert and company, ed. Weiland, 542–546 (link); Jasper's edition reproduces only the extended subscription list, 388–393.
eight MSS
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (P.I.9), fol. 105r-v (saec xiiin)
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, lat. 4° 314 (saec. xiiex)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3187, fol. 146 (saec. xii)
    Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, cod. 3777, fol. 266v-267r (saec. xi)
    Praha, Národní Knihovna Ceské Republiky, IV.B.12, fol. 214v-216r (saec. xv)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1984, fol. 192v-193r (saec. xi)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 8r-v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2213, fol. 9v-10r (saec. xii/xiii)
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, p. 16 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

"Erga simoniacos"  [Pronouncement "Towards simoniacs"] (JL 4431a)
seven MSS
    Cambridge, Trinity College, B. 16. 44 (405), p. 209 et seq. (saec. xi)
    Chartres, Bibliothèque municipale, 424, fol. 159 (saec. xiv)
    Rouen, Bibliothèque municipale, 701, fol. 134 (saec. xii)
    Tarragona, Biblioteca pública, 26 (44), fol. 123v-124r (saec. xi)
    Vic, Arxiu Capitular, 46 (104), fol. 23v-24r (saec. xi)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1345, fol. 151 (saec. xii/xiii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3809, fol. 28v (saec. xi)

Synodica generalis [General synodal letter] (JL 4405-6)
eight MSS
    Cambridge, Trinity College, B. 16. 44 (405), p. 209 (saec. xi) = JL 4405
    Chartres, Bibliothèque municipale, 424, fol. 158 (saec. xiv) = JL 4405
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Calci 11 (saec. xii) = JL 4406
    Pistoia, Archivio Capitiolare del Duomo, C. 135 (saec. xii) = JL 4406
    Pistoia, Archivio Capitolare del Duomo, C. 140 (saec. xii) = JL 4406
    Rouen, Bibliothèque municipale, 701, fol. 133v (saec. xii) = JL 4405
    Vic, Arxiu Capitular, 46 (104), fol. 22r-23r (saec. xi) = JL 4405
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3831 (saec. xii) = JL 4406

Synodica ad Gallos [Synodal letter to the French] (JL 4404)
six MSS
    Bergamo, Biblioteca civica Angelo Mai, MA 244, fol. 83r-84r (saec. xii)
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Savigny 3, fol. 136r-v (saec. xii)
    London, BL, Arundel 172 (saec. xi)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3858C (saec. xii)
    Tarragona, Biblioteca pública, 35, fol. 141v-142r (saec. xi/xii)
    Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, D. IV. 33 (ca. 1100)

Of the several texts publicizing the decrees of the Lateran Council of 1059, the most important is the Decretum electionis pontificiae.  Most of the MSS that preserve of these pronouncements are canon-law collections.  The new MGH edition (394–402) includes a few texts related to the council not in Weiland's edition.


  ca. 1060   Vita Leonis IX papae

ca. 1060 hagiography Toul
Vita Leonis IX papae [Life of Pope Leo IX]
ed. & übers. H.-G. Krause, MGH SRG 70 (2007)  (link)

nineteen MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 24, fol. 75v-084v (saec. xiii)
    Bern, Burgerbibliothek, cod. 24, f. 142v-157v (saec. xi: Metz or Toul)
    Bern, Burgerbibliothek, cod. 292, f. 73v-98r (saec. xi: St-Arnoul)
    Colmar, Bibliothèque municipale, lat. 339 f. 63r-74r (saec. xii)
    Cologny-Genève, Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, 127 (saec. xii)
    Einsiedeln, Stiftsbibliothek, 57, p. 136-205 (saec. xii)
    Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibliothek, 12, fol. 71v-080r (saec. xiiex)
    Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, 97 (olim 674), fol. 217-231 (saec. xv)
    Münster, Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek, 21, fol. 242r-255v (saec. xv)
    Nancy, Bibliothèque municipale, Thiéry–Solet 1258 (saec. xii1)
    Paderborn, Erzbischöfliche Akademische Bibliothek, cod. Theodorianus pa 54 (saec. xv)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 5149, fol. 3r-32v (saec. xiv-xvi)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 5357, fol. 90r-103v (saec. xiii)
    Paris, BnF, nouv. acq. lat. 2288 (saec. xv)
    Stuttgart, WLB, Bibl. 2° 57 (ca. 1120–1125) (link)
    Trier, Stadtbibliothek, 1151/453 (olim 962), fol. 181r-195r (saec. xiii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 336, fol. 96v-107v (saec. xiii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 3662, fol. 133v-148r (saec. xv)
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 24, fol. 81v-90r (saec. xiii)

four MSS (post-1500)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 12862 (saec. xvii)
    Brussel, KBR, 7773 (saec. xvii)
    Oxford, Jesus College, 79 (saec. xvii)
    Saint-Dié, Maison Pierre Fourier (saec. xviii)

BHL 4818: the vita was begun around 1050, after Bruno was elected pope, but completed a decade later.  Potential authorship has included Humbert of Silva Candida and Wibert, abbot of St-Èvre, though the author is unknown.

Other contemporary hagiographical texts on Leo IX, which place a greater emphasis on his death (19 Apr. 1054) and posthumous miracles circulated under the authorship of the Roman subdeacon Libuin (BHL 4821a-f) and the bishop of Cervia (BHL 4818m).


ca. 1065–1075 Collectio in LXXIV titulos digesta

ca. 1065–ca. 1075 canon law Italian? Burgundian?
Collectio in LXXIV titulos digesta [Collection in 74 titles]
ed. J.T. Gilchrist, Diversorum patrum sententiae; sive, Collectio in LXXIV titulos digesta, Monumenta iuris canonici, ser. B, Corpus collectionum 1 (Vatican, 1973)

nineteen full, thirteen partial MSS according to L. Kéry 1999, 204–207

Both precise dating and location have not been established.


  1065–1106 Henry IV et al. Epistolae

1065–1106 letters imperial court
Henry IV, king of the Germans (1056–1106), Emperor of the Romans (1084–1106)/Gottschalk of Aachen et al.
Epistolae [Letters]
ed. C. Erdmann, MGH Dt. MA 1: 7–64 (link)

The MS tradition for the letters is complex and varied; one must consult Erdmann's edition.  Over half of the letters (23 of 42) are retained in the Codex Udalrici (Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398; Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611; Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283; München, BSB, clm 4594).  Two letters to Abbot Hugh of Cluny (nos. 37 & 38) are preseved in the original: Paris, BnF, lat. 11826, nos. 4 & 7.

According to Erdmann and von Gladiss 1939, the following were composed by the dictator Gottschalk of Aachen: nos. 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 32, & 33.

The first letter comes from 1056, when the king was only 6.  The dating above begins with Epist. no. 2.


  1070–1089 Lanfranc of Canterbury Epistolae

1070–1089 letters Canterbury
Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury (1070–1089)
Epistolae [Letters]
ed. & trans. H. Clover and M. Gibson (Oxford, 1979)
PL 150: 515–550 (link)

one MS (complete)
    London, BL, Cotton Nero A. VII, fol. 1-39v (ca. 1100)

thirteen partial MSS + five (post-1500): see Clover and Gibson.

Only a handful of Lanfranc's 59 letters concern the Investiture Controversy, though his correspondents include Gregory VII and Hugh Candidus.  In a letter to the latter (no. 52) from the 1080s, Lanfranc remarks that England is undecided on the issue: Nondum enim insula nostra priorem refutavit, nec utrum huic oboedire debeat sententiam promulgavit. Audistis utrinque causis, si ita contigerit, perspicacius quid fieri oporteat pervideri valebat.


1072–1077 Arnulf of Milan Liber gestorum recentium

1072–1077 history Milan
Arnulf of Milan
Liber gestorum recentium [Book of recent deeds]
ed. C. Zey, MGH SRG 67 (Hannover, 1994): 109–234 (link)

four MSS
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, H 89 inf., 58v-72r (saec. xv)
    Modena, Biblioteca Estense Universitaria, lat. 9 (alfa.Q.7.31), fol. 1r-34r (saec. xiii2)
    New Haven, Beinecke Library, 642, fol. 63v-75v (saec. xiv)
    Pommersfelden, Gräflich von Schönbornsche Bibliothek, 98 (2802) I, fol. 1r-31r (saec. xiii)

eight MSS (post-1500): see Zey


1072–ca. 1100   [Tractatus de simonia] "Verba sanctorum patrum..."

1072–ca. 1100 polemic unknown
[Tractatus de simonia] "Verba sanctorum patrum..."  [Treatise on Simony]
ed. S. Hellmann, in Neues Archiv 30 (1905): 24–33 (link)

one MS
    Bernkastel-Kues, Bibliothek des St.-Nikolaus Hospitals, cod. 52 (olim C 14 nunc 37), fol. 221r-227v (followed by four works of Bernold of Constance, fol. 228-241)

This would appear to be the sole surviving text to advocate for some form of simony. Dating comes from Hoffmann in Deutsches Archiv 15 (1959), n. 14 (link), since it is after Peter Damiani's death; it is likely a product of later in the eleventh century.


1073–1080 Berthold of Reichenau Chronicon (recensio II)

1073–1080 history Reichenau
Berthold of Reichenau (†1088)
Chronicon (recensio II) [Chronicle, second recension]
ed. I.S. Robinson, MGH SRG ns 14: 163–381 (link)

four MSS of the second recension (one MS from St. Gall of the first)
    Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, 9 (saec. xii) = B
    London, BL, Egerton 1944 = C
    Sarnen, Benediktinerkollegium, Membr. 10 (saec. xii) = B
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 540 = C
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 3399 = A
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 7245 = A

Berthold's continuation of Hermann the Lame's Chronicle has come down in two recensions.


1073–1085 Gregory VII Registrum

1073–1085 letters Rome
Hildebrand, Pope Gregory VII (1073–1085)
Registrum [Register of letters]
ed. E. Caspar, MGH Epistolae selectae 2 (Berlin, 1920–1923) (link)

original register survives:
    Vaticano, Archivio segreto Vaticano, Registrum latinum 2

early MS copy:
    Troyes, Bibliothèque municipale, 952 (saec. xiin)

Gregory VII's official register of 362 letters (and some other documents) is probably the most important single source for the Investiture Controversy.  For the extensive and complex transmission of individual and groups of letters, now see the recent Gregory VII letter database, ed. C. Schwaderer (2014): G7LDB (link).


1073–1085 Gregory VII Epistolae vagantes

1073–1085 letters various
Hildebrand, Pope Gregory VII (1073–1085)
Epistolae vagantes ["Wandering," or, unregistered letters]
ed. P. Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum 2 (1865): 520–576 (link)
*ed. and trans. H.E.J. Cowdrey (Oxford, 1972)

The Latin text of the letters (from Cowdrey without critical apparatus) can be found here.

For the diffusion of the Epistolae vagantes, another crucial set of letters for the Investiture Controversy, see the Gregory VII letter database, ed. C. Schwaderer (2014): G7LDB (link).


1074-1076 Bernold of Constance & Alboinus Epistolae de incontinentia sacerdotum

1074-1076 letter/polemic Constance
Bernold of Constance & Alboinus presbyter
Epistolae de incontinentia sacerdotum [Letters on the incontinence of priests]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 7–26 (link)
(Bernold: epist. I, III, V: 7-11, 12-16, 19-26; Alboinus: epist. II, IV, VI: 11-12, 16-19, 26)

one MS:
    Sélestat, Bibliothèque humaniste, 13 (olim 99) (saec. xi)

This exchange between two amici on the issue of clerical celibacy follows the 1074 conciliar prohibitions to that effect.


1075 Liemar of Bremen Epistola ad Hezilonem episcopum

1075 letters Hamburg-Bremen
Liemar, archbishop of Bremen (1072–1101)
Epistola ad Hezilonem episcopum [Letter to Bishop Hezilo]
ed. C. Erdmann, MGH Briefe 5: 33–35 (link)

one (post-1500):
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 181r-182v (saec. xvi) = Hildesheim letter collection

This letter reflects an early complaint about Gregory VII's power; Liemar has an interesting career as Henry IV's associate in the subsequent decades.


  ca. 1075 Andreas of Strumi Passio Arialdi

ca. 1075 hagiography Vallombrosa
Andreas of Strumi
Passio Arialdi [The martyrdom of Arialdo]
ed. F. Baethgen, MGH SS 30/2: 1049–1075 (link)

one MS
    Roma, Biblioteca Alessandrina, 25b (alias I.i.5) (saec. xii)

two MSS (post-1500)
    Roma, Biblioteca Alessandrina, 89 (alias I.g.1-3) (saec. xvi-xvii)
    Roma, Biblioteca Alessandrina, 99 (alias II.b.2-4) (saec. xvi-xvii)

BHL 673. The Epistolae de miraculis (BHL 674-676) are appended in Baethgen's edition: 1072-1075.


  ca. 1075 Pseudo-Udalrich Epistola de continentia clericorum

ca. 1075 letter/polemic Constance?
Pseudo-Udalrich
Epistola de continentia clericorum [Letter on the continence of clerics]
ed. L. von Heinemann, MGH LdL 1: 255–260 (link)
ed. E. Frauenknecht, MGH Studien und Texte, 16: 203–215

eighteen MSS
    Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, A XI 7, fol. 105ra-107rb (saec. xv)
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, lat. 4° 814, fol. 174r-177v (saec. xv)
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Theol. lat. 4° 313, fol. 37v-39r (saec. xii)
    Brussel, KBR, 9669-81, fol. 129vb-130vb (saec. xii)
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 101 (Misc. M), pp. 201-206 (saec. xvi)
    Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College, 427/427, pp. 115-120 (saec. xii)
    Dublin, Trinity College, 641 (E.6.1), fol. 97r-100v (saec. xv)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut. 19.29, fol. 232r-235r (saec. xiv/xv)
    Graz, Universitätsbibliothek, 1242, fol. 107v-111v (saec. xii1)
    Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Rastatt 27, fol. 102v (saec. xiiin)
    Palermo, Archivio Storico Diocesano, 14, fol. 159v-162r (saec. xii)
    Praha, Národní Knihovna Ceské Republiky, XI.E.9 (2056), fol. 185v-195v [not in Frauenknecht]
    Uppsala, Universitetsbibliotek, C 147, fol. 146v, 144rv, 147rv (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Pal. lat. 271, ff. 354va-355va (saec. xii/xiii) (link)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 8va-10va (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611, fol. 4v-6v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 17-22 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

one (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 1r-5r (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection, Codex I.


ca. 1075–1120 [Tractatus] "Cum sub liberi arbitrii potestate..."

1075–1120 polemic northern France (Normandy?)
[Tractatus] "Cum sub liberi arbitrii potestate creati simus"
ed. E. Dümmler, in Sitzungsberichte der königlich-preussichen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin, 1902), 426–441 (link)
ed. E. Frauenknecht, MGH Studien und Texte 16: 269–288 

one MS
    Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College, 427/427, p. 120-134 (saec. xii)

one (post-1500):
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 101, p. 206-219 (saec. xvi) (link)

Treatise written in defense of clerical marriage.  Frauenknecht has proposed a later dating of ca. 1119, based on content and argumentation.


  1075–1085 Sigebert of Gembloux Apologia contra eos qui calumniantur missas...

1075–ca. 1085 polemic Gembloux
Sigebert of Gembloux (†1112)
Apologia contra eos qui calumniantur missas coniugatorum sacerdotum [Defense against those who vilify the masses of married priests]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 437–448 (link)
ed. E. Frauenknecht, MGH Studien und Texte 16: 219–239 

two MSS
    Brussel, KBR, 5576-5604, fol. 201v-208v (saec. xiex/xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2213, fol. 45r-50v (saec. xiiex)


1075–1099 Hugh of Die Epistolae

1075–1099 letters various
Hugh, bishop of Die (1074–1082), archbishop of Lyon (1082–1106)
Epistolae [Letters]
PL 157: 507–525 (link)

Letters surviving in various MSS, e.g. reproduced in historical works like the Chronicle of Hugh of Flavigny.  A lack of a critical edition makes precision difficult.

26 letters as papal legate, including two to Gregory VII (1077-1078); two to Mathilda of Tuscany (1087-1088); two to Ivo of Chartres (1097-1098)


  1076 Bernold of Constance Apologeticus super decreta

1076–1085 polemic Constance
Bernold of Constance
Apologeticus super decreta...contra symoniacos et incontinentes altaris ministros [Apologetic on the decrees (promulgated by Pope Gregory VII) against simoniacs and incontinent ministers of the altar]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 59–88 (link)

five MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 162 (saec. xii)
    Einsiedeln, Stiftsbibliothek, 169 (olim 468), fol. 129r-144r (saec. xiex) (link)
    München, BSB, clm 12603, fol. 123v-135r (saec. xiii) (link)
    Stuttgart, WLB, 107 (saec. xiex)
    Sélestat, Bibliothèque humaniste, 13 (olim 99) (saec. xi)

If not written in 1076, then shortly thereafter; Manegold of Lautenbach draws from it in 1085.


1076 Sigfried of Mainz et al. Episcoporum epistola Gregorio VII missa

1076 (24 Jan.) letter Worms
Sigfried, archbishop of Mainz (1060–1084), and 25 other bishops
Episcoporum epistola Gregorio VII missa; Concilium Wormatiense [Bishops' letter sent to Gregory VII; Council of Worms]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 106–108 (link)
*ed. C. Erdmann, MGH Dt. MA 1: 65–68 (link)

five MSS
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, Helmst. 1024, fol. 58v-60v (saec. xii)
    Münster, Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek, 519, fol. 149v-151r (saec . xiv)
    München, BSB, clm 18541a, fol. 223r (saec. xi) (Tegernsee)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 72r-v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 130-131 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

one (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 49r-50r & 196r-198v (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection, Codex I & Hildesheim letter collection

In this famous letter, bishops of the Reichskirche renounce their allegiance to Gregory VII/Hildebrand.  The final lines note: …obedientiam, quam nullam tibi promisimus, nec de cetero ullam servaturos esse renuntiamus, et quia nemo nostrum, ut tu publice declamabas, tibi hactenus fuit episcopus, tu quoque nulli nostrum amodo eris apostolicus.


  1076 Bernold of Constance & Adalbertus De damnatione scismaticorum epistolae

1076 letter/polemic Constance
Bernold of Constance & Adalbertus presbyter
De damnatione scismaticorum epistolae [Letters on the condemnation of the scismatics]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 27–28, 47–58 (link)
 
two MSS
    Stuttgart, WLB, HB VI. 107, fol. 112r-141v (saec. xiex) (link)
    Sélestat, Bibliothèque humaniste, 13 (olim 99)

Two letters to their teacher, Bernhard, seeking guidance on the pope's recent excommunication of bishops at Worms in the beginning (Jan.) of that year.


  1076 Bernhard of Hildesheim De damnatione scismaticorum epistola secunda

1076 letter/polemic Hildesheim
Bernhard of Hildesheim
De damnatione scismaticorum epistola secunda [Second letter on the condemnation of the scismatics]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 29–47 (link)
 
two MSS
    Stuttgart, WLB, HB VI. 107, fol. 112r-141v (saec. xiex) (link)
    Sélestat, Bibliothèque humaniste, 13 (olim 99)

Addressed Ad Adalbertum in response to the initial letter from Bernold and Adalbert.


1076 Henry IV Promissio Oppenheimensis

1076 (Oct.) oath/treaty Oppenheim
Henry IV
Promissio Oppenheimensis [Promise at Oppenheim]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 114 (link)
*ed. C. Erdmann, MGH Dt. MA 1: 69 (link)

two MSS
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 66v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, p. 117 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

one (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 54r (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection, Codex I


  1077 Henry IV Promissio Canusina

1077 (28 Jan.) oath/treaty Canossa
Henry IV
Promissio Canusina [Canossa Promise]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 115 (link)
*ed. E. Caspar, MGH Epistolae selectae 2: 314–315 (link)

Contained in the Registrum of Gregory VII (4.12a), and also copied into several different texts: Paul of Bernried's Vita Gregorii VII, c. 84 (despite Watterich's omission of it); the Chronicon of Hugh of Flavigny; Deusdedit's Collectio canonum.; and Albinus's Digesta: Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 3057, fol. 136v (saec. xiiex)


  1077–1078   Tractatus pro clericorum conubio

1077–1078 [1078–1081] polemic Thérouanne?
Tractatus pro clericorum conubio [Treatise on the marriage of clerics]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 3: 588–596 (link)
ed. E. Frauenknecht, MGH Studien und Texte 16: 254–266

one MS
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, theol. lat. 4° 313, fol. 34r-37v (saec. xii)


1077–1078 Clergy of Cambrai & Noyon Epistolae duae

1077–1078 letter/polemic Cambrai & Noyon
Cameracensium et Noviomensium clericorum epistolae [Letters of the clergy of Cambrai and Noyon]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 574–578 (link)
ed. E. Frauenknecht, MGH Studien und Texte 16: 243–251
 
one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 863, fol. 62, 63 (saec. xii) (link)

Two letters defending clerical marriage, from each city respectively.


1077–1079 Lampert of Hersfeld Annales

1077–1079 history/polemic Hersfeld
Lampert of Hersfeld
Annales [Annals]
ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH SRG 38 (Berlin, 1894), 3–304 (link)

two MSS (both lost) + several early modern copies & editions.

Lampert's narrative becomes very detailed for the mid-1070s and has been widely used as an important, albeit partisan, account of Canossa.


1077–1080   Manifestum tempore Henrici IV imperatoris

1077–1080 letters unknown
Manifestum tempore Henrici IV imperatoris (fragmentum) [Manifesto in the time of Emperor Henry IV]
ed. O. Holder-Egger, in Neues Archiv 31 (1906): 188–189 (link)

one MS originally from Königsberg, considered lost until recently discovered in Torun, Poland:
    Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu (link)

Fragmentary work amidst two letters of Gregory VII (JL 4999 and 5034), from a churchman changing his support to Henry IV (Siegfried of Mainz has been suggested as a possibility); also known as the Königsberg fragment.


post 1077   De penitentia regis Salomonis

post 1077 treatise unknown
De penitentia regis Salomonis [On the penitence of King Solomon]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 609–610 (link)
ed. U.-R. Blumenthal, in Manuscripta 22 (1978): 94–96

three MSS
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (olim P.I.9), fol. 106r-107r (saec. xii) (link)
    Friuli, San Daniele, Guarnerius 203, fol. 6v-7r (saec. xi/xii)
    Fulda, Landesbibliothek, Aa Theologie 36, 4 (saec. xii)

This brief collection of authorities is combined with the De investitura regali in Böhmer's edition.  In the Bamberg MS it begins a series of Investiture Controversy sources, several of which point to the diocese of Liège.  The text immediately preceding the De penitentia is the fabulous genealogy of St. Servatius, patron of Maastricht.


ca. 1078 De episcopis Eichstetentibus

ca. 1078 history/gesta Herrieden
Anonymus Haserensis [Anonymous of Herreiden]
De episcopis Eichstetentibus [On the bishops of Eichstätt]
ed. L. Bethmann MGH SS 7: 254–266 (link)

one MS
    Eichstätt, Diözesanarchiv, 18, fol. 75v-101r (1483)

Pope Victor II (1055–1057) was previously Gebhard, bishop of Eichstätt.


  ante 1079   Fragmentum Merseburgense de caelibatu cleri

ca. 1075–1079 polemic Merseburg
Fragmentum Merseburgense de caelibatu cleri [Merseburg fragment on the celibacy of the clergy]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 3: 585–587 (link)

one MS
    Merseburg, Domstiftsbibliothek, 43 (saec. xii)


1079 & 1080 Theoderich of Verdun Epistolae

1079 & 1080 letters Verdun
Theoderich/Dietrich, bishop of Verdun (1047–1089)
Epistolae [Letters]
1: ed. Waitz, MGH SS 8: 186 (link)
2 & 3: ed. P. Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum 5: 129–133 (link)

Epist. 1 (to Gregory VII, probably in 1079), comes from the Gesta Treverorum (continuatio).
Epist. 2 (a general letter) & 3 (to Egilbert of Trier) both date to Jun. 1080, and are preserved in the Codex Udalrici.

Epist. 2 & 3
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 70v-71v (saec. xii)
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, Helmst. 1024, fol. 43r-v & 50r-v (saec. xii) = Wolfenbüttel letter collection
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 126-128 (saec. xii)
   
Epist. 2 only
    München, BSB, clm 4594, fol. 45v (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611, fol. 62r (saec. xii)

The most important of these three letters is the general letter of Jun. 1080, written directly after the Synod of Mainz and calling for the election of a new pope.


1079–1099Amatus of Oloron Epistolae

1079–1099 letters southern France
Amatus, bishop of Oloron (archbishop of Bordeaux, 1089–1101)
Epistolae [Letters]
ed. M. Bouquet et al., Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France 14 (Paris, 1877): 763–776 (link)

MS diffusion not available from the nineteenth-century edition.

fifteen letters and conciliar decrees (many on property rights of local monasteries) issued by the papal legate active in southern France under Gregory VII and Urban II.


  1080 Huzmann of Speyer Epistola ad Lombardos

1080 (Jun.) letter Speyer
Huzmann, bishop of Speyer (1073–1090)
Epistola ad Lombardos [Letter to the Lombards]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 118 (link)

five MSS
    München, BSB, clm 4594, fol. 46r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 72r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611, fol. 63r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, Helmst. 1024, fol. 57v-58 (saec. xii) = Wolfenbüttel letter collection
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 129-130 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

Written directly following the council of Mainz calling for an assembly in northern Italy.


  1080 Egilbert of Trier Epistola

1080 (Jun.) letter Trier
Egilbert of Trier
Epistola [Letter]
ed. P. Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum 5: 127–129 (link)

MSS are those of the Codex Udalrici and the Wolfenbüttel letter collection
    München, BSB, clm 4594, fol. 45v-46r = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 71v-72r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611, fol. 62v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, Helmst. 1024, fol. 58r-v (saec. xii) = Wolfenbüttel letter collection
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 128-129 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici


  1080   Decretum synodi Brixinensis

1080 (25 Jun.) decree Brixen
Decretum synodi Brixinensis [Decree of the council of Brixen]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 118–120 (link)

two MSS
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 73r-v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 132-133 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

one (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 50r (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection, Codex I.

The formal condemnation of Gregory VII (iudicamus canonice deponendum et expellendum et, nisi ab ipsa sede his auditis descenderit, in perpetuum condempnandum) by a group of around thirty bishops (27 of whom subscribe to the decree), mainly from northern Italian sees.  The first signatory is Hugh Candidus, cardinal-priest of San Clemente, who adds: vice ominum cardinalium Romanorum.  The last subscription is that of Henry IV.


  ca. 1080   Collectanea de investitura regali

ca. 1080 treatise Lotharingia?
Collectanea de investitura regali [Collection (of authorities) on royal investiture]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 610–614 (link)

one MS
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (olim P.I.9), fol. 107r-110v (saec. xii) (link)

Follows the De penitentia regis Salomonis in the Bamberg MS; there are some similarities in the authorities listed here and those used by Wenrich of Trier, thus the general dating.


ca. 1080 Gualo of Caen Versus de abbatibus...aliunde ascendentibus

ca. 1080 poetry/polemic Caen
Gualo of Caen
Versus de abbatibus in ovile Christi aliunde ascendentibus [Verses on abbots ascending to the sheepfold of Christ from elsewhere]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 700-701 (link)

over fifteen MSS (according to Böhmer)
    Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 535, fol. 144 (saec. xiii)
    Liège, BU, 257
    London, BL, Cotton Vitellius A XII, fol. 124 (saec. xii)
    London, BL, Cotton Titus A XX, fol. 105
    Oxford, Bodleian, Digby 65, fol. 10v (saec. xiii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 11615 (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 16699, fol. 81 (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 18417, fol. 90v (saec. xii)
    Reims, Bibliothèque municipale, 1043.743, fol. 176 (saec. xiii)
    St-Omer, Bibliothèque municipale, 115
    Toulouse, Bibliothèque municipale, 162, fol. 56r (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 978, fol. 18 (saec. xiv)


  1080–1081 Wenrich of Trier Epistola sub Theoderici ep. nomine composita

1080–1081 letter/polemic Trier
Wenrich of Trier
Epistola sub Theoderici episcopi Virdunensis nomine composita [Letter written in the name of Theoderich, bishop of Verdun]
ed. K. Francke, MGH LdL 1: 284–299 (link)
ed. & übers. I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 12b (Darmstadt, 1984), 68–120

two MSS
    Brussel, KBR, 5576-5604 (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2213 (saec. xii/xiii)


1080–1081   Epitaphium Rudolfi regis

1080–1081 epitaph Merseburg
Epitaphium Rudolfi regis [Epitaph of King Rudolf]
in J.M. Watterich, Pontificum Romanorum vitae 1 (1862), 445n1 (link)

image

Rex hoc Rodulf[us] patru[m] p[ro] lege pe[rem]ptus,
plorandus merito conditur in tumulo,
Rex illi similis si regnet tempore pacis,
consilio gladio,
non fuit a Karolo,
qua vicere sui ruit hic sacra victima belli,
mors sibi vita fuit ecclesiae cecidit.

ca. 1080–1100   Querela magistri Treverensis

ca. 1080–ca. 1100 poetry/polemic Trier
Querela magistri Treverensis [Complaint of the Trier master]
ed. F.X. Kraus, in Jahrbücher des Vereins von Alterthumsfreunden im Rheinlande 50/51 (1871), 233–247 (link)
*ed. A. Kaffarnik, Lateinische Sprache und Literatur des Mittelalters 46 (Bern, 2011), 136–164

one MS
    Brussel, KBR, 10615-10729, fol. 173r-174v (ca. 1150)


1081 & 1084 Gebhard of Salzburg Epistolae ad Herimannum Mettensem episcopum

1081 letter/polemic Salzburg
Gebhard, archbishop of Salzburg (1066–1088)
Epistolae ad Herimannum Mettensem episcopum [Letters to Bishop Hermann of Metz]
Epist. 1: ed. K. Francke, MGH LdL 1: 263–279 (link)
ed. & übers. I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 12b (Darmstadt, 1984), 120–172
Epist. 2: ed. P. Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum 5: 141–142 (link)

Epist. 1 six MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 352, fol. 93r-103v (saec. xii)
    Montpellier, Bibliothèque interuniversitaire (Section Médecine), H 221 (saec. xii)
    München, BSB, clm 15819, fol. 110r-118r (saec. xii) (link)
    München, BSB, clm 14451, fol. 147v-164r (saec. xii) (link)
    Rein, Stiftsbibliothek, 23, fol. 45r-65v (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 600 (saec. xiii)

Epist. 2 four MSS (Codex Udalrici)
    München, BSB, clm 4594, fol. 46r
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 74r-v
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611, fol. 33v
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 134-135


1081–1083 Anselm of Lucca Collectio canonum

1081–1083 canon law Tuscany
Anselm, bishop of Lucca (1073–1086)
Collectio canonum [Collection of canons]
ed. F. Thaner (Innsbruck, 1906–1915) libri I-XI
PL 149: 486–534 (link) (chapter headings only)

fifteen MSS + three fragments (in various recensions); see Kéry 1999, 218-221
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, lat. 2° 597 (saec. xiiin)
    Bern, Burgerbibliothek, 756.52 (saec. xii) frag.
    Bologna, Biblioteca Universitaria, 375 (frag.)
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 269 (saec. xii) (link
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicae Laurenziana, Ashburnham 53 (saec. xii)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicae Laurenziana, San Marco 499, fol. 10v-185v (saec. xii)
    Graz, Universitätsbibliothek, 351, 5v-198r (saec. xii) (link)  
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, A.46 inf., fol. 132r (saec. xii) frag.
    Mantova, Biblioteca comunale, C.II.23, saec. (xiiin)
    Napoli, Biblioteca nazionale Vittorio Emanuele II, XII.A.37-39 (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 12519 (saec. xii)
    Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, Parm. 976 (saec. xii)
    Pisa, Biblioteca del Seminario Santa Catarina, 59
    Vaticano, BAV, Barb. lat. 535 (saec. xiiin)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 325, fol. 61r-85v (saec. xv) frag. (link
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1363 (saec. xii) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1364, 4r-266v (saec. xiex) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 6381
    Venezia, Biblioteca nazionale Marciana, lt. IV.55 (saec. xii)

seven MSS (post-1500)
    Huesca, Biblioteca pública provincial, 20 (saec. xvi)
    Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek, Haenel 31 (saec. xix)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 1444 (ca. 1600)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 12450-51 (saec. xvii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 224 (1600)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3531 (saec. xvi)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 4983 (saec. xvi)


1082 Roman clergy Conventus clericorum Romanorum

1082council Rome
Conventus clericorum Romanorum [Agreement of the Roman clergy]
Mansi 20: 577-578 (link)
ed. Z. Zafarana in Studi Medievali ser. 3, 7 (1966): 402

one MS
    Vaticano, Vat. lat. 586, fol. 125v (saec. xi) (link), following Atto's Capitulare seu Breviarium canonum

Report on a Roman council held in 1082 without Gregory VII. The Roman clergy take up the matter of whether church resources can be used for military expenditures (utrum bona ecclesiarum possent poni in pignore pre precunia colligenda ad resistendum W. archiepiscopo Ravennati...).  They conclude in the negative: quaesitis auctoritatibus exemplisque sanctorum, unanimiter laudaverunt sacras res ecclesiarum nullatenus in militia saeculari exponendas, nisi in alimonia pauperum, in sancto usu rerum divinarum, et in redemptione captivorum.

John, bishop of Porto, heads the list of 16 signatories, which includes Azo cardinalis sancti Marci.


ca. 1082 Atto of San Marco Capitulare seu Breviarium canonum

ca. 1082 canon law Rome
Atto of San Marco
Capitulare seu Breviarium canonum [Capitulary or brief collection of canons]
ed. A. Mai, Scriptorum veterum nova collectio e Vaticanis codicibus edita 6.2 (Rome, 1832), 60-102 (link)
PL 134: 27-52 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 586, fol. 91r-124v (saec. xi) (link); last folio (125v) contains the 1082 Conventus clericorum Romanorum.

one MS (post-1500)
    Toledo, Archivo y Biblioteca Capitular, 8-19 (saec. xvii)


ca. 1082Bruno of Magdeburg De bello Saxonico

ca. 1082 (1082–1093) history Magdeburg
Bruno of Magdeburg/Merseburg
De bello Saxonico [On the Saxon War]
ed. H.-E. Lohmann, MGH Dt. MA 2: 12–123 (link)
ed. & übers. F.-J. Schmale, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 7 (Darmstadt, 1963), 191–405

one MS
    Berlin, Brandenburg-Preussischen Hausarchiv, 488 (saec. xiv) brief excerpts

two MSS (post-1500)
    Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek, 1323, fol. 2r-55v (saec. xvi) only complete version
    Wrocław, Biblioteka Narodowa, R.B.a. 3.4.12 (2161) (saec. xvi)


1082–1085 William of Hirsau Epistola ad Herimannum regem Romanorum

1082–1085 letter Hirsau
William, abbot of Hirsau (1071–1091)
Epistola ad Herimannum regem Romanorum [Letter to Herimann, king of the Romans]
ed. C. Erdmann, MGH Briefe 5: 41–43 (link)

one MS (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 190r-191v (saec. xvi) = Hildesheim letter collection

The subsequent letter in the collection is the response William receives from the Saxon bishops and clergy.


1083–1084   Iudicium de regno et sacerdotio anno 1083

1083–1084 misc central Italy
Iudicium de regno et sacerdotio anno 1083 [Judgement between the kingdom and priesthood in 1083]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 8: 460–461 (link)
ed. H.E.J. Cowdrey, The age of Abbot Desiderius (1983), 247–248

one MS
    London, BL, Arundel 390, fol. 132r (saec. xiex)

Account on an ordeal proving the legitimacy of the royal cause; the text concludes with a promise of coronation, if not by Gregory VII, then by another to be elected.


1083–1087 Deusdedit Collectio canonum

1083–1087 canon law Rome
Deusdedit, Cardinal-priest of San-Pietro in Vinculo (1073–ca. 1098)
Collectio canonum [Collection of canons]
*ed. V. Wolf von Glanvell (Paderborn, 1905) (link)
ed. P. Martinucci (Venice, 1869), from Vat. lat. 3833 (link)

one (complete) MS:
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3833 (saec. xiiin) (link)

seven MS with excerpts (according to Kéry 1999)
    Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 554, fol. 120r-126r (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 1458 (saec. xii2)
    Roma, Biblioteca Casanatense, 2010, fol. 93v-102 (saec. xiex)
    Vaticano, Archivio di San Pietro, C. 118, fol. 123r-124r (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 3057, fol. 130r136v, 146r-147r (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1984, fol. 196v-200r (saec. xi/xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 8486 (saec. xiii)

one complete MS (post-1500)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, C.288 inf. (saec. xvii)


1083–1100 Bernold of Constance Chronicon

1083–1100 history Sankt-Blasien & Schaffhausen
Bernold of Constance
Chronicon [Chronicle]
ed. I.S. Robinson, MGH SRG ns 14: 385–540 (link)

autograph MS
    München, BSB, clm 432, fol. 51v-79v (link)

five MS copies, three of which contain excerpts only
    Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, 9, fol. 120v-127v (saec. xii) exc.
    Sarnen, Bibliothek des Kollegiums, cod. 10, fol. 143v-156v (saec. xii) exc.
    Stuttgart, WLB, Cod. hist. 2° 411, fol. 221v-222r (saec. xii) exc. (link)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 3175 (Hist. eccl. 64), fol. 218r-278v (saec. xv)
    Würzburg, Universitätsbibliothek, M. p.h.f. 1, fol. 35r-117v (saec. xii)

two MSS (post-1500)
    Aarau, Kantonsbibliothek, Zurlaubiana 90, pp. 213-271 (saec. xviii)
    Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, O.II.36, fol. 3r-27r (saec. xvi)

Chronicle begun in the mid-1080s and completed ca. 1100 at Schaffhausen.


1084 Mathilda of Tuscany Epistola ad omnes in Teutonicorum regno

1084 letter Tuscany
Mathilda, countess of Tuscany (†1115)
Epistola ad omnes in Teutonicorum regno [Letter to all in the kingdom of the Germans]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 8: 463 (link)

one MS (in Hugh of Flavigny's Chronicon)
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Phillipps 1870 (Rose 142, Meerm. 769), fol. 130v (saec. xiex)

Mathilda warns that Henry IV is in possession of the pope's seal and might use it:

Mathildis Dei gratia si quid est, omnibus in Theuthonicorum regno commorantibus, salutem. Notum vobis facimus, quod Heinricus falsus rex furto subripuit sygillum domni papae Gregorii. Unde si quid audieritis quod discordet a nostra legatione, falsum arbitramini, neque mendaciis eius adquiescatis. Preterea episcopum Portuensem secum ducit; quoniam olim fuit familiaris domini papae. Si igitur aliquid vobiscum vel contra vos per eum vult operari, eum falsum testem nolite dubitare. Nulli umquam credatis, qui aliter quam nos dicere audebit. Sciatis domnum papam iam recuperasse Sutrium atque Nepe. Barrabas latro, id est Heinrici papa, ipse quoque aufugit. Valete, et de insidiis Heinrici cauti estote.



1084 Peter Crassus Defensio Heinrici IV regis

1084 polemic northern Italy
Peter Crassus
Defensio Heinrici IV regis [Defense of King Henry IV]
ed. L. von Heinemann, MGH LdL 1: 434–453 (link)
ed. & übers. I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 12b (Darmstadt, 1984), 174–240

one MS (post-1500):
    Hannover, GWLB, XI.671, fol. 65r-89v (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection(Codex I)


ca. 1084 Pseudo-Hadrian I & Pseudo-Leo VIII Privilegia (falsa)

ca. 1084 canon law Ravenna?
Pseudo-Hadrian I & Pseudo-Leo VIII
Privilegia (falsa) [Privileges (false)]
ed. C. Märtl, MGH Fontes iuris 13: 137–206 (link)

nine MSS
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (olim P.I.9), fol. 102v-105v (saec. xii1) (link)
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Patr. 48 (saec. xii1)
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 276 (saec. xiiin) (link)
    Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibliothek, F 168 (saec. xiii)
    Praha, Národní knihovna České republiky, IV. B. 12 (1418)
    Stuttgart, WLB, Cod. theol. 2° 206, fol. 189r-190r (saec. xii1) (link)
    Trier, Stadtbibliothek, 1081/29 (saec. xii) (only MS of the Privilegium maius)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1984, fol. 192v (saec. xii1) (link)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2213 (ca. 1200)

The MSS reflect different texts and combinations (see Märtl's edition, 96-124)
    Hadriani I decretum de investituris
    Privilegium minus Leonis VIII papae
    Cessio donationum Leonis VIII papae
    Privilegium maius Leonis VIII papae



1084–1085 Wido of Osnabrück Liber de controversia inter Hildebrandum et Heinricum imperatorem

1084–1085 polemic Osnabrück
Wido of Osnabrück
Liber de controversia inter Hildebrandum et Heinricum imperatorem [Book on the controversy between Hildebrand and Emperor Henry]
ed. L. von Heinemann, MGH LdL 1: 462–470 (link)
ed. & übers. I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 12b (Darmstadt, 1984), 240–271 

two MSS (in Codex Udalrici)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 77r-81v (saec. xii)
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 140-145 & 164-169 (saec. xii)

Only excerpts of this polemic survive, from a compilation made by a magister T. at Osnabrück in 1118.  Wido becomes bishop of Osnabrück a decade later (1093).


1084–1085   Dicta cuiusdam de discordia papae et regis

1084–1085 polemic unknown
Dicta cuiusdam de discordia papae et regis [Assembled statements on the discord of the pope and king]
ed. K. Francke, MGH LdL 1: 454–460 (link)

four MSS:
    Brussel, KBR, 5576-5604 (saec. xiiin)
    Friuli, San Daniele, Guarnerius 203
    Paris, BnF, lat. 10402 (saec. xii) under the title De papatu Romano
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2213 (saec. xii)

MSS present different versions of the text: see Francke's edition.


1084–1085   Scriptum ad Henricum imperatorem

1084–1085 polemic unknown
Scriptum ad Henricum imperatorem [Writing to Emperor Henry]
ed. U.-R. Blumenthal, in Scientia veritatis (Ostfildern, 2004), 292–294 (link)

one MS (a larger collection of canon law)
    Paris, Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, 721, fol. 212r-213v (saec. xii)

Warning to recently crowned emperor Henry IV, contained amidst a canon law collection (in nine books: ca. 1110, combination of Burchard and Pseudo-Isidore).


1084–1085   Epistolae duae de collectione Ratisponensis

1084–1085 letters Lotharingia?
Epistolae duae de collectione Ratisponensis [Two letters from the Regensburg collection]
ed. N. Fickermann, MGH Briefe 5: 300-312, 320–329 (link)
 
one MS
    München, BSB, clm 14596, fol. 14v-22r & 27v-34v (saec. xiiin) (link)

Only Epist. nos. 8 & 10 from this letter collection deal with Investiture Controversy; they date to probably 1084–1085. Fickermann suggests that Epist. 8 comes from Verdun, written at the behest of Bishop Theoderich.


1084–1088 Bernold of Constance De sacramentis excommunicatorum

1084–1088 polemic Constance or Sankt -Blasien
Bernold of Constance
De sacramentis excommunicatorum [On the sacraments of the excommunicated]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 89–94 (link)

two MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 162 (saec. xii)
    München, BSB, clm 12603, fol. 122r-123v (saec. xii) (link)


1084–1088 Bernold of Constance De solutione iuramentorum

1084–1088 polemic Constance or Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance
De solutione iuramentorum [On the dissolution of oaths]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 146–149 (link)

one MS
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, Cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol.  14v-16v (saec. xii)


1084–1099 Wibert/Clement III Epistolae et privilegia

1084–1099 letters Rome & Ravenna
Wibert, archbishop of Ravenna (1073–1100)/(anti)pope Clement III (1080–1100)
Epistolae et privilegia [Letters and privileges]
PL 148: 827–842 (link)

MS diffusion unknown; no register survives: cf. Regesta Pontificum Romanorum 1 (1885), 649–655 (link)

PL only contains some letters (JL 4141, 5319, 5322, 5324, 5329, 5330, 5332, 5333, 5336, 5337, 5339)
Not in PL: JL 5318, 5320 (link), 5323, 5326, 5332a, 5334


 post 1084  De Roma capta

post 1084 poetry/polemic unknown
De Roma capta [On the capture of Rome]
ed. L. von Heinemann, MGH LdL 1: 434–453 (link)
ed. & übers. I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 12b (Darmstadt, 1984), 174–240

one MS (post-1500):
    Hannover, GWLB, XI.671, fol. 90r (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection, Codex I

These verses, also called Versus de Roma ab Heinrico IV rege anno 1084 mense Martio expugnata, follow the Defensio Heinrici IV regis by Peter Crassus.  Some have posited that they should also be attributed to him.


post 1084 Bernold of Constance De excommunicatis vitandis

post 1084 polemic Constance or Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance
De excommunicatis vitandis [On avoiding the excommunicated]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 112–142 (link)
*ed. D. Stöckly, MGH Fontes iuris 15 (2000), 83–187 (link)

eighteen MSS (according to Stöckly) (some are excerpts):
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 769, fol. 1r-52v (saec. xi/xiii)
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Patr. 30 (B.III.25), fol. 114r-121r (saec. xii2)
    Bernkastel-Kues, Bibliothek des St. Nikolaus-Hospitals, 52 (saec. xiiex)
    Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, 53 (4/1), fol. 32r-40r (frag.) (ca. 1200)
    Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek, 955 (saec. xii1)
    München, BSB, clm 2598 (saec. xii)
    München, BSB, clm 12612 (saec. xi/xii)
    München, BSB, clm 12727 (saec. xv)
    München, BSB, clm 17100 (saec. xii)
    Pavia, Biblioteca Universitaria, Aldini 255 (saec. xv)
    Salzburg, Stiftsbibliothek Sankt Peter, a.VI.28 (saec. xii1)
    Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, 614 II, pp. 326-339 (saec. xii) (link)
    Stuttgart, WLB, HB III. 34 (saec. xii1)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1324 (saec. xv)
    Venezia, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, lat. IV. 27 (2213) (saec. xv)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 862 (Theol. 738) (saec. xii1)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 1705 (Rec. 3282) (saec. xii/xiii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2196 (Univ. 789) (saec. xii)

four MSS (post-1500)
    Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, 1023 (774; O. 10) (saec. xviii)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, H 162 inf. (saec. xvi/xvii)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, S 48 sup. (saec. xvi/xvii)
    Roma, Biblioteca Corsiniana, 40.G.1 (Cors. 798) (saec. xvii)


1085 Odo of Ostia/Urban II Epistola encyclica

1085 (after 21 Jan.) letter/polemic Gerstungen-Berka
Odo of Lagery, cardinal-bishop of Ostia (1080–1088), Pope Urban II (1088–1099)
Epistola encyclica [General letter]
ed. N. Fickermann, MGH Briefe 5: 375–380 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 14596, fol. 4v-8r (saec. xiiin) = Regensburg letter collection

Written after the meeting of the opposition to Henry IV at Gerstungen-Berka.


1085 Walo of Metz Abdicatio episcopii

1085 misc Metz
Walo, abbot of St-Arnoul (1063–ca. 1088)
Abdicatio episcopii [Abdication of the bishopric]
ed. K. Hampe, in Neues Archiv 23 (1898), 650 (link)
ed. B. Schütte, MGH Studien und Texte 10 (1995)

one MS
    Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, 561 (1025)

Text begins: (E)go Walo, sancti Gorgonii indignus monachus, anathematizo omnem errorem et precipue illum, quo hactenus depravatus sum, ut iudicia orthodoxorum, domni scilicet papae Gregorii aliorumque sibi adherentium, iniuste reprehenderem et sectae Wibertistarum periculose consentirem.


1085   Synodus Quedlingburgensis

1085 (20 Apr.) council Quedlinburg
Synodus Quedlingburgensis [Synod of Quedlinburg]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 652–653 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 979, fol. 1r (saec. xi/xii), fol. 1

Bernold of Constance has been posited as a potential author of this account, given the closeness of this text and the entry in Bernold's Chronicon s. a. 1085 (link).


1085 Bernhard of Hildesheim Liber canonum contra Heinricum quartum

1085 polemic Hildesheim
Bernhard of Hildesheim
Liber canonum contra Heinricum quartum [Book of canons against Henry IV]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 1: 472–516 (link)

three MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 257, fol. 98-118r (saec. xii)
    Göttweig, Bibliothek des Benediktinerstifts, 53a (56), fol. 145r-179r (saec. xii) (link)
    München, BSB, clm 29850 (olim 29096a) fragments


1085   Relatio de obitu Gregorii VII papae anno 1085

1085 (post 25 May) misc Salerno?
Relatio de obitu Gregorii VII papae anno 1085 [Account of the death of Pope Gregory VII in 1085]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 5: 563, n. 58 (link)
*ed. Erdmann, MGH Briefe 5: 75–7 (link)

taken from a now-lost manuscript from Châlons (saec. xii).

appearing twice in one (post-1500) MS
    Hannover, GWLB, XI.671, fol. 5r & fol. 224r-v (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection (Codex I) & Hildesheim letter collection

The relatio also appears in incomplete form in Hugh of Flavigny (link)  and Paul of Bernried (link).


ca. 1085 Anselm of Lucca Epistolae

ca. 1085 letters Mantua
Anselm, bishop of Lucca (1073–1086)
Epistolae [Letters]
ed. C. Erdmann, MGH Briefe 5: 15–17, 50–52 (link)

one MS (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 160r-161v & fol. 199r-200r  (saec. xvi) = Hildesheimer letter collection

Epist. 1 to William I, king of England
Epist. 2 to Hermann, bishop of Metz


ca. 1085 Benzo of Alba Ad Heinricum IV imperatorem libri VII

ca. 1085 polemic northern Italy
Benzo, bishop of Alba (ca. 1059–ca. 1089)
Ad Heinricum IV imperatorem libri VII [Seven books to Emperor Henry IV]
ed. & übers. H. Seyffert, MGH SRG 65 (Hannover, 1996), 84–657 (link)

one MS (autograph)
    Uppsala, Universitetsbibliotek (Carolina), C 88, fol. 1r-121v (saec. xiex)


1085–1086 Anselm of Lucca Liber contra Wibertum et sequaces eius

1085–1086 polemic Mantua
Anselm, bishop of Lucca (1073–1086)
Liber contra Wibertum et sequaces eius [Book against Wibert and his followers]
ed. E. Bernheim, MGH LdL 1: 519–528 (link)

four MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 162, 197v-200r (saec. xii/xiii)
    Brussel, KBR, 18644-52 (saec. xii)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, C 17 (saec. xv)
    Stuttgart, WLB, HB VII. 48 (saec. xi/xii)


1085–1086 Anselm of Lucca Sermo de caritate

1085–1086 sermon Mantua
Anselm, bishop of Lucca (1073–1086)
Sermo de caritate [Sermon on charity]
ed. E. Pásztor, in Bullettino dell'Istituto storico italiano per il Medio Evo 77 (1965), 96–104 (link)

one MS
    Brussel, KBR, 18644-52, fol. 18v-21v (saec. xii)


1085–1086 Manegold of Lautenbach Liber contra Wolfelmum

1085–1086 polemic Lautenbach
Manegold of Lautenbach
Liber contra Wolfelmum [Book against Wolfhelm]
ed. W. Hartmann, MGH Quellen zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters 8 (1972) (link)

one MS
    Milano, Bibliotheca Ambrosiana, N 118 sup., fol. 117r-134r (saec. xiiin)

Largely concerned with philosophical matters, Manegold does discuss issues involving obedience to Gregory VII in the last two chapters.

1085–1086 Manegold of Lautenbach Liber ad Gebehardum

1085–1086 polemic Lautenbach or Rottenbach
Manegold of Lautenbach
Liber ad Gebehardum [Book to Gebhard]
ed. K. Francke, MGH LdL 1: 308–430 (link)

one MS
    Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Rastatt 27 (olim 93), fol. 1r-102v (saec. xiimed) (link)


Manegold began this work a few years earlier, before the Liber contra Wolfelmum, but completed it afterward.

1085–1086 Bonizo of Sutri Liber ad amicum

1085–1086 polemic Tuscany
Bonizo, bishop of Sutri (ca. 1075–1082), bishop of Piacenza (ca. 1086–1089)
Liber ad amicum [Book to a friend]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 1: 571–620 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 618 (saec. xii)


1085–1086 Bernold of Constance Apologeticus super excommunicationem Gregorii VII

1085–1086 polemic Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance
Apologeticus super excommunicationem Gregorii VII [Apologetic on Gregory VII's excommunication]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 161–168 (link)

two MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 162 (saec. xii)
    München, BSB, clm 12603 (saec. xii)

The treatise is not attributed to Bernold in the MSS, but most have felt comfortable in ascribing him authorship.

1085–1088   De obitu Gregorii VII

1085–1088 polemic Mainz?
De obitu Gregorii VII [On the death of Gregory VII]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 8: 470–471 (link)

two MSS
    Brussel, KBR, 11196-97, fol. 10r (saec. xii)
    London, BL, Cotton Nero C.V, fol. 1v (saec. xiex)

one MS (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671 (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection (Codex II)

Alternative imperialist account of Gregory VII's deathbed scene, ending teste Mogotino archiepiscopo.  This version is reproduced by Sigebert of Gembloux (link) and a continuation of Marianus Scottus (link).


1085–1089 Beno Gesta Romanae aecclesiae contra Hildebrandum

1085–1089 polemic Rome
Beno, cardinal-priest of Santi Silvestro e Martino (†1098/9)
Gesta Romanae aecclesiae contra Hildebrandum [Deeds of the Roman church against Hildebrand]
ed. K. Francke, MGH LdL 2: 369–380 (link)

two MS
    Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, A V 13, fol. 362r et seq. (saec. xv)
    Brussel, KBR, 11196-97, fol. 1r-2v (saec. xii)

two MSS (post-1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 91r et seq. (saec. xvi) = Hannover letter collection (Codex II)
    London, BL, Cotton Tiberius E.VIII, fol. 256r-263r (saec. xvi)

Cardinal Beno's two letters (I: 1085; II: 1088/9) are the first included in a collection of eleven writings of the "schismatic cardinals," from ca. 1098.


1086 Wido of Ferrara De schismate Hildebrandi

1086 polemic Ravenna
Wido/Guido, bishop of Ferrara (ca. 1083–ca. 1100)
De schismate Hildebrandi [On the schism of Hildebrand]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 1: 532–567 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 6335, fol. 1r-19r (saec. xiex)

Wido states at the outset that he is writing while in the entourage of Wibert/Clement III.  The text is in two books, the first seeming to defend Gregory VII's actions, the second refuting them: quod in prima parte huius operis didicerit approbatum, sub eadem annotatione capituali in secunda condempnatum reperiet.


ca. 1086 Bonizo of Sutri De investitura episcoporum

ca. 1086 polemic Tuscany
Bonizo, bishop of Sutri (ca. 1075–1082), bishop of Piacenza (ca. 1086–1089)
De investitura episcoporum [On the investiture of bishops]
ed. H. Weisweiler, in Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique 34 (1938): 251 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 16085, fol. 89v (saec. xiii/xiv)


ca. 1086 Bernold of Constance Apologeticae rationes contra scismaticorum obiectiones

ca. 1086 polemic Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance
Apologeticae rationes contra scismaticorum obiectiones [Apologetic reasoning against the objections of the schismatics]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 95–101 (link)

one MS
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 1r-6r (saec. xii)

Treatise addressed to Adelbert, provost of Speyer.


1086–1087 B. Vita Anselmi episcopi Luccensis

1086–1087 hagiography Tuscany
B. presbyter
Vita Anselmi episcopi Luccensis [Life of Anselm, bishop of Lucca]
ed. R. Wilmans, MGH SS 12: 13–27 (link)

four MSS
    Novara, Biblioteca Capitolare, 027 XXVII, fol. 15v-20r (saec. xv)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3352, fol. 90v (saec. xv)
    Roma, Biblioteca Alessandrina, 200 (alias I.a.7), fol. 84v-138v (saec. xiii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 10456, fol. 1r-14r (saec. xiv)

two MSS (post-1500)
    Roma, Biblioteca Alessandrina, 92, fol. (alias I.g.7.8), fol. 428-443 & 446-452 (saec. xvi/xvii)
    Roma, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, H. 12, fol. 79-98v (saec. xvi/xvii)

The three Roman MSS contain miracula appended to the vita: ed. R. Wilmans, MGH SS 12: 27–35 (BHL 537).  There is a fragmentary redaction (BHL 538) of the vita contained in Brussel, KBR, 18644-52, fol. 14r-18v (saec. xii), ed. W. Arndt, MGH SS 20: 693–696 (link).


1086–1088 Bernold of Constance? De vitanda excommunicatorum communione

1086–1088 polemic Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance?
De vitanda excommunicatorum communione [On avoiding communion with the excommunicated]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 3: 599–601 (link)

four MSS
    Göttweig, Stiftsbibliothek, 53, fol. 128r (ca. 1200)
    Stuttgart, WLB, Cod. theol. et phil. 206, fol. 40r (saec. xiiin)
    Stuttgart, WLB, Cod. theol. et phil. 225, fol. 84r (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2192, fol. 106r-v (saec. xii)

The polemic concludes with statement about Guibert's excommunication.


1086–1089 Bernold of Constance Epistolae de lege excommunicationis

1086–1089 polemic Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance
De lege excommunicationis [Letters on the law of excommunication]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 101–106 (link)

two MSS
    München, BSB, clm 12612 (saec. xii)
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 6r-8v (saec. xii)

In fact, three letters: the first to Adelbert, provost of Strasbourg, and two to a churchman named Reccho. (Thaner views these letters as separate libelli VI & VII.)


post 1086 Bernold of Constance De libro mittendo

post 1086 letter/polemic Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance
De libro mittendo [On sending a book]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 160 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 12612 (saec. xii)


post 1086 Bernold of Constance De presbyteris

post 1086 (1086–1100) polemic Sankt-Blasien
Bernold of Constance
De presbyteris [Regarding priests]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2:142–146 (link)

one MS
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, Cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 8v-9v (saec. xii)


1086–ca. 1090   Annales Ratisponenses (fragmentum)

1086–ca. 1090 history Tegernsee
Annales Ratisponenses [Regensburg annals (fragment)]
ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS 13: 48–50 (link)
ed. E. von Oefele SRG 4: 87–91 (link)

one MS
    Munich, BSB, lat. 29089 (saec. xi)

only contains fragments involving 1084–1086; likely comes from Tegernsee and not Regensburg.


1086–1091   Vita Theoderici abbatis Andaginensis

1086–1091 hagiography Lobbes
Vita Theoderici abbatis Andaginensis [Life of Thierry, abbot of Andage (St-Hubert)]
ed. W. Wattenbach, MGH SS 12: 37–57 (link)

four MSS
    Brussel, KBR II. 1055, fol. 77r-89v (saec. xii2)
    Den Haag, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, 71 E 43, 1r-24r (saec. xiii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. Ser. N. 12754, fol. 136r (saec. xiv)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. Ser. N. 12707, fol. 86r-87v (1476-1484)

BHL 8050


1088–1099 Urban II Epistolae et privilegia

1088–1099 letters Rome etc.
Odo of Lagery, cardinal-bishop of Ostia (1080–1088), pope Urban II (1088–1099)
Epistolae et privilegia [Letters and privileges]
PL 151: 283–552 (link)

various MSS, no register survives: cf. Regesta Pontificum Romanorum 1 (1885), 657-701 (link)


1088–1100 Bernold of Constance [Fragmentum libelli deperditi]

1088–1100 polemic Schaffhauser
Bernold of Constance
[Fragmentum libelli deperditi] [Fragment of a lost book]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2:150 (link)

one MS
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, Cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 17r (saec. xii)


1088–ca. 1100   Vita Gebehardi archiepiscopi Salisburgensis

1088–ca. 1100 hagiography Admont
Vita Gebehardi archiepiscopi Salisburgensis [Life of Gebhard, archbishop of Salzburg]
ed. W. Wattenbach, MGH SS 11: 25–27 (link)

two MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 497, fol. 104v-106v (saec. xii1) (link)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2090 (saec. xi)

BHL 3293. Written by a monk at Admont, Gebehard's foundation; a second vita (BHL 3294) also comes from there at the end of the twelfth century.


ca. 1088–1111 Sigebert of Gembloux Chronica

ca. 1088–1111 (1088–1104 & 1105–1111) history Gembloux
Sigebert of Gembloux (†1112)
Chronica [Chronicle]
PL 160, 57–546 (link)
ed. L. Bethmann, MGH SS 6: 300–374 (link)

61 MSS according to Repertorium chronicarum (link), of which the most important copy is
    Brussel, KBR, 18239, fol. 2r-55v (saec. xii; from Gembloux), though it is not the autograph as Van den Gheyn claimed (link)

Sigebert wrote his chronicle, conceived of as a continuation of Eusebius/Jerome, in two phases: the first from ca. 1088 to 1104, treating the years 381 to 1084; the second, a revision and continuation up to 1111, written from 1105 until his death.


1089–1094 Bonizo of Sutri Liber de vita christiana

1089–1094 canon law Tuscany
Bonizo, bishop of Sutri (ca. 1075–1082), bishop of Piacenza (ca. 1086–1089)
Liber de vita christiana [Book on the Christian life]
ed. A Mai, Nova patrum biblioteca 7.3 (Rome, 1842), 1–75 (link)
*ed. E. Perels, Geschichte des römischen und kanonischen Rechts im Mittelalter 1 (Berlin, 1930) [far superior edition]

five MSS
    Brescia, Archivio e Biblioteca Capitolare, fol. 1r-131r (saec. xii)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut. 23 dext. 5 (saec. xii)
    Mantova, Biblioteca Comunale, D.III.13 (439) (1142-1152)
    Mantova, Biblioteca Comunale, D.IV.6 (452) (saec. xv)
    Vaticano, BAV, Ross. lat. 226, fol. 1r-83v (saec. xii)

two MSS (post-1500)
    München, BSB, clm 11504 (saec. xviii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 12391 (saec. xvii)

This canon law collection dates from the last years of Bonizo's life, after his mutilation at Piacenza in 1089.  It contains much reflection and commentary from Bonizo himself, and as a result is distinct from other canonical collections.


1089–1095 Bernold of Constance? De Romani pontificis potestate uniuersas ecclesias ordinandi

1089–ca. 1095 polemic Swabia
Bernold of Constance?
De Romani pontificis potestate uniuersas ecclesias ordinandi [On the power of the Roman pontiff in ordaining all churches]
ed. J.J. Ryan in Archivum historiae pontificiae 4 (1966) 22-24 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3832, fol. 194r-195r

Ryan shows how Bernold of Constance is the likely author and emphasizes the early 1090s, during Gebehard III's activity as legate for Urban II, as the likely time frame.


ca. 1090 Bernold of Constance Epistola apologetica pro Gebhardo episcopo Constantiensi

ca. 1090 (1089–1099) polemic Schaffhausen
Bernold of Constance
Epistola apologetica pro Gebhardo episcopo Constantiensi [Apologetic letter on behalf of Gebhard, bishop of Constance]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2:109–112 (link)

two MSS
    München, BSB, clm 12612 (saec. xii)
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, Cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 9v-11v (saec. xii)


ca. 1090   Libellus "Cum rerum omnium..."

ca. 1090 polemic unknown
Libellus "Cum rerum omnium..."
ed. I.S. Robinson, in Studi Gregoriani 11 (1978): 303–387

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 618 (saec. xii)

Robinson, who discovered the text, dated it to ca. 1090.  Unlike Berschin, he was unwilling to ascribe it to Bonizo, despite its MS placement immediately following Bonizo's Liber ad amicum.


ca. 1090 Bernold of Constance De emptione ecclesiarum

ca. 1090 polemic Sankt-Blasien or Schaffhausen
Bernold of Constance
De emptione ecclesiarum [On the purchasing of churches]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 107–108 (link)

one MS
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, Cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 8v-9v (saec. xii)


1089–1091 Wibert/Clement III Decretum Wiberti vel Clementis papae

1089–1091 polemic Rome
Wibert, archbishop of Ravenna (1073–1100)/(anti)pope Clement III (1080–1100)
Decretum Wiberti vel Clementis papae [Decree of Wibert or Pope Clement]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 1: 622–626 (link)

four MSS
    München, BSB, clm 4594, fol. 46r-47r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 74v-76r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2213, fol. 10r-11v (saec. xii)
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 135-138 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

Statement from a council held in Rome, between 1089 and 1091.


1090–1093   Liber de unitate ecclesiae conservanda

1090–1093 polemic Hersfeld
Liber de unitate ecclesiae conservanda [Book on preseving the unity of the church]
ed. W. Schwenkenbecher, MGH LdL 2: 184–284 (link)
ed. & übers. I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur Deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 12b (Darmstadt, 1984), 272–580 

no MSS survive: edition based on U. von Hutton's 1520 printing.

Often considered as a high point in imperial polemical writing.


1090–1100 William of St-Hilaire Carmen contra Wibertum

1090–1100 poetry/polemic Poitiers
William of St-Hilaire
Carmen contra Wibertum [Poem against Wibert]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 704 (link)

no surviving MSS: modern edn. comes from Ussher (1665), who mentions a MS in Thorney Abbey (link)


1090–1100 Norbert of Iburg Vita Bennonis episcopi Osnabrugensis

1090–1100 hagiography Iburg
Norbert, abbot of Iburg (1085–1117)
Vita Bennonis episcopi Osnabrugensis [Life of Benno, bishop of Osnabrück]
ed. H. Bresslau, MGH SS 30/2: 871–892 (link)

no MS ante 1500: see Bresslau.

BHL 1167


1090–1100   Dialogus de filiis sacerdotum

1090–1100 polemic Iburg
Dialogus de filiis sacerdotum [Dialogue on the sons of priests]
ed. H. Weisweiler, in Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique 34 (1938): 265–226 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 16085 (saec. xiii/xiv)


1090–1100 Bernold of Constance De statutis ecclesiasticis sobrie legendis

1090–1100 polemic Schaffhausen
Bernold of Constance
De statutis ecclesiasticis sobrie legendis [On reading ecclesiastical statutes sensibly]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2: 156–159 (link)

one MS
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, Cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 21v-24r (saec. xii)


1090–1115 Ivo of Chartres Epistolae

1090–1115 letters Chartres
Ivo, bishop of Chartres (1090–1115)
Epistolae [Letters]
PL 162: 11–290 (link)
ed. J. Leclercq, Les classiques de l'histoire de France au moyen âge 22 (1949), vol. 1 (1090–1098)

127 MSS given by the most recent count (link)

Nearly 300 letters are contained in this collection.  Many are valuable sources for the Investiture Controversy, but two of the most important were edited by E. Sackur in MGH LdL 2.

[1098] Epistola ad Hugonem archiep. Lugdunensem, ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 642–647 (link) = Epist. no. 60

[1112] Epistola ad Joscerannum archiep. Lugdunensem, ibid., 649–654 (link) = Epist. no. 236


1091   Altercatio inter Urbanum et Clementem

1091 poetry/polemic unknown
Altercatio inter Urbanum et Clementem [Dispute between Urban and Clement]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 170–172 (link)

eight MSS
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Philipps 1694, fol. 127r-128r (saec. xiii)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 688, fol. 148r (1382)
    London, BL, Vespasian A. XIV, fol. 113r (saec. xii)
    Reims, Bibliothèque municipale, 1043, fol. 177r (saec. xiii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 1r-v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ONB, Cod. 2475, fol. 21r (saec. xii)
    Wien, ONB, Cod. 2521, fol. 131v (saec. xii)
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 1-2 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

The author has Urban call forth a series of bishops to judge the dispute.  It is possible that the author's origins are revealed in this selection, half of which from France: Lyon, Besançon, Limoges, Reims, Sens, Paris, Bremen, Utrecht, Liège, Asti, Ivrea, Populonia.

The poem ends in some MSS (all Vienna MSS and Zwettl) with a very brief poem De papa Gregorio septimo et rege Heinrico quarto, ed. Sackur, 172 (link).


ca. 1091 Haimo of Hirsau Vita Willihelmi abbatis Hirsaugensis

ca. 1091 hagiogaphy Hirsau
Haimo of Hirsau
Vita Willihelmi abbatis Hirsaugensis [Life of William, abbot of Hirsau]
ed. W. Wattenbach, MGH SS 12: 211–225 (link)

five MSS
    Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibliothek, 13, fol. 10r-14v (saec. xiiex) = Magnum legendarium Austriacum
    Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek, 60, fol. 16r-22v (saec. xiii) = Magnum legendarium Austriacum
    Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, M. 6, fol. 20r-29v (saec. xv) = Magnum legendarium Austriacum
    Weimar, Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek, 4° 49 VII, fol. 208v-220r (1490-1494)
    Würzburg, Universitätsbibliothek, MCH.F.210, fol. 2r-12v (saec. xv)

BHL 8919–8920


1091–1100   Carmen de simoniaca haeresi

1091–1100 poetry/polemic England
Carmen de simoniaca haeresi [Poem on the simoniac heresy]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 616–617 (link)

one MS
    Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, BPL 130 (ca. 1100)

Poem written against Herbert of Losinga, bishop of Norwich (1091–1119).  Reproduced by William of Malmesbury IV.338, ed. Stubbs, RS 90: 386 (link).


ca. 1092 Andreas of Strumi Vita sancti Johannis Gualberti

ca. 1092 hagiography Vallombrosa
Andreas of Strumi
Vita sancti Johannis Gualberti [Life of John Gualberti, †1073]
ed. F. Baethgen, MGH SS 30/2: 1080–1104 (link)

one MS
    Firenze, Archivio di Stato, Corporazioni religiose soppresse dal Governo francese, Santa Maria di Vallombrosa (260) 260, n. 259

BHL 4397: vita of the founder of the monastery of Vallombrosa.


1093–1100 Ivo of Chartres Collectio tripartita

1093–1100 canon law Chartres
Ivo, bishop of Chartres (1090–1115)
Collectio tripartita [Collection in three parts]
ed. M. Brett et al. (link)

Version A: eight MSS + one fragment
Version B: thirteen MSS + three fragments
Cf. Kéry 1999, 244–246: twenty-three MSS + two frag. + one extract

Version A dates to 1093–1094; version B was completed several years later.


1093–1100 Ivo of Chartres Decretum

1093–1100 canon law Chartres
Ivo, bishop of Chartres (1090–1115)
Decretum [Decree]
PL 161: 47–1022 (link)
ed. M. Brett et al. (link)

four complete MSS
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 19 (saec. xii)
    London, BL, Royal 11.D.VII (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 14315 (saec. xiiin)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1357 (saec. xii) (link)
   
Kéry 1999, 251–252: also notes three incomplete MSS, three fragments, and seven MSS with extract(s).

The Decretum is the largest of Ivo's canon-law collections.


1093–ca. 1100 Ivo of Chartres Panormia

1093–ca. 1100 canon law Chartres
Ivo, bishop of Chartres (1090–1115)
Panormia [Everything (Comprehensive legal collection)]
PL 161: 1041–1344
ed. B. Brasington and M. Brett (link)

147 MSS according to Kéry 1999, 254–258

The Panormia, an abbreviation made from the Decretum, was far and away Ivo's most influential collection.


1093–1109 Anselm of Canterbury Epistolae

1093–1109 letters Canterbury etc.
Anselm, abbot of Bec (1078–1093), archbishop of Canterbury (1093–1109)
Epistolae [Letters]
ed. F.S. Schmitt, Sancti Anselmi Cantuariensis archiepiscopi opera omnia 4–5 (Edinburgh, 1949–51): Epist. 148–310 (link); Epist. 310–475 (link)

ten MSS (from Schmitt's edition)
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 135 (saec. xii) (link)
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 299 (ca. 1200) (link)
    Cambridge, Trinity College, B.1.37 (saec. xii)
    London, BL, Cotton A. XI (saec. xiii)
    London, BL, Regal. 5.F.IX (saec. xii)
    London, Lambeth Palace, 59 (saec. xii)
    London, Lambeth Palace, 224 (ante 1143)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 2478 (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 14762 (saec. xii)

475 letters to and from Anselm, over 300 of which date from his appointment as archbishop and include two periods of exile from England (1097–1100 & 1105–1107). Henry I, Urban II, and Paschal II appear frequently as senders and receivers.

Some earlier letters, prior to his appointment as archbishop, are also relevant.  E.g. in a letter to an Abbot William, the monk Anselm writes about unchaste priests (Epist. 65, ed. Schmitt, vol. 3: 181-185 [link]).  This letter would later be drawn from in a brief treatise, De presbyteris concubinariis seu offendiculum sacerdotum (PL 158: 555-556 [link]), which would inspire Honorius' similarly named work.  Epist. 65 seems to date to the mid 1070s.


1094–1095 Walram & Herrand Epistolae de causa Heinrici regis

1094–1095 letter/polemic Naumberg
Walram, bishop of Naumberg (1091–1111) & Herrand, bishop of Halberstadt (1094–1102)
Epistolae de causa Heinrici regis [Letters on the matter of King Henry]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 2: 286–291 (link)

one MS
    Frankfurt, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek, Barth. 104 (saec. xiv) = Annales sancti Disibodi

An exchange between Walram, a supporter of Henry IV, and Herrand, papal-supported bishop of Halberstadt.  Walram's initial letter was addressed to Louis, count of Thuringia; Herrand responds in Louis' name.  The correspondence is only preserved in the twelfth-century Annals of St. Disibode.


1094–ca. 1100 Bruno of Segni Libellus de symoniacis

1094–ca. 1100 polemic Segni
Bruno, bishop of Segni (1079–1123)
Libellus de symoniacis [Book on simoniacs]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 546–562 (link)

two MSS
    Milano, Bibliotheca Ambrosiana, Q. 54, fol. 96r-110v (saec. xii)
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, 782 (olim Helm. 718), fol. 18v-26v (saec. xii)

The earliest MS gives the title as the Sermo de symoniacis.


1095 Bernold of Constance De reordinatione vitanda

1095 polemic Schaffhausen
Bernold of Constance
De reordinatione vitanda et de salute parvulorum, qui ab excommunicatis baptizati sunt [On avoiding reordination and on the salvation of infants baptized by the excommunicated]
ed. F. Thaner, MGH LdL 2:150–156 (link)

one MS
    Sankt-Paul im Laventtal, Stiftsarchiv, Cod. 24/1 (olim 25.2.27), fol. 17r-21r (saec. xii)


1095 Rupert of Deutz Carmina exulis de calamitatibus ecclesiae Leodiensis

1095 poetry/polemic Evergnicourt
Rupert of Deutz/Robert of St-Laurent
Carmina exulis de calamitatibus ecclesiae Leodiensis  [Poems of an exile on the calamities of the church of Liège]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 624–641 (link)

one MS
    Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 412, fol. 122v-129r (saec. xiii)

Thirteen poems that form a unit from the monk Rupert, at the time an exile from his home monastery of St-Laurent at Liège.


1095   Concilium Placentinum

1095 (March) council Piacenza
Concilium Placentinum [Council of Piacenza]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 561–562 (link)
*ed. R. Somerville, Pope Urban II's Council of Piacenza (Oxford, 2011), 89–98

twenty-eight MSS according to Somerville, not including its incorporation into specific canonical collections; only one is later than the twelfth century
    Brussel, KBR, 495–505, fol. 17v-18r
    El Escorial, Real biblioteca de San Lorenzo, a. I. 6, fol. cxxi(r) (saec. xiv)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, plut. xviii.14, fol. 114v
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, S. Croce 23, dext. 5, fol. 182v-184r
    Gottweig, Stiftsbibliothek,85(8), fol. 1v-2r
    London, BL, Harley 3001, fol. 80v-81r
    Lincoln, Cathedral Library, 191, fol. 110v-111r
    Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana 124, fol. 196r
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, H.48 sup., fol. 162v-163v
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, A.46 inf., fol. 151r-v
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, M.79 sup., fol. 248v-249r
    München, BSB, clm 5129, fol. 85v-86r
    München, BSB, clm 11316, fol. 115–116r
    München, BSB, clm 22011, fol. 1r
    New Haven, Beinecke Library, Marston MS 158, fol. 1r
    Oxford, Bodleian, Canon. pat. Lat. 39, fol. 86r-v
    Oxford, Bodleian, Selden supra 90, fol. 24v-25r
    Paris, BnF, Baluze 7, fol. 244r
    Paris, BnF, lat. 18083, fol. 149v-150v
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3187, fol. 123r-124r
    St-Claude, Bibliothèque municipale 17(3), fol. 283v-284r
    Stuttgart, WLB, theol. et phil. 4° 254, fol. 123r-125r
    Stuttgart, WLB, theol. et phil. 2° 210, fol. 134r-135r
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1208. fol. 127r-128r
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 629, fol. 269v-270r
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1364, fol. 189v-190v
    Vyšší Brod, Klášterní knihovna, CXIX, fol. 30r-v
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2153, fol. 67v-69r


1095   Conventus Urbani II et Conradi regis

1095 misc northern Italy
Conventus Urbani II et Conradi regis [Agreement of Urban II and King Conrad]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 564 (link)

two MSS
    London, BL, Harley 3001, fol. 82r (saec. xii)
    Stuttgart, WLB, theol. et phil. 4° 254, fol. 125r (saec. xii)

The conventus refers to the two meeting at Cremona and follows the canons of the Council of Piacenza in both MSS.


1095   Concilium Claromontense

1095 (Nov.) council Clermont
Concilium Claromontense [Council of Clermont]
ed. R. Somerville, The councils of Urban II (Amsterdam, 1972), 71–82 (link)

nine MSS
    London, BL, Cotton Claudius E.V (saec. xii)
    Montpellier, Bibliothèque interuniversitaire (Section Médecine), 280
    Paris, BnF, lat. 152 (saec. xii/xiii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3846
    Paris, BnF, lat. 10402
    Paris, BnF, lat. 10743 (saec. xii)
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, Gud. 212 (saec. xii2)
    St-Omer, Bibliothèque municipale, 364 (fragment) (saec. xii2)

three MSS (post-1500)
    Arras, Bibliothèque municipale, 1051 (140) (saec. xvii)
    Arras, Bibliothèque municipale, 1062 (222) (saec. xvii)
    Roma, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, C. 24 (saec. xvi)


1095–1100 Serlo of Bayeux Defensio pro filiis presbyterorum

1095–1100 poetry/polemic Bayeux
Serlo of Bayeux
Defensio pro filiis presbyterorum [Defense of the sons of priests]
ed. E. Dümmler & H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 580–583 (link)

four MSS
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 190, p. 361 , fol. 8v, 6r-7v (saec. xii) (link) (fragment)
    Oxford, Bodleian, Laud lat. 86, fol. 120-121 (saec. xiii)
    Oxford, Bodleian, Digby 65, fol. 8v-9r (saec. xiii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 598 (olim 1382), fol. 8v, 6r-7v (saec. xii) (link)

The poem is also called the Querela in gratiam nothorum, e.g. in Bouquet, Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France 11: 444–447 (link).
 

1095–ca. 1100 Theobald of Étampes Epistola ad Roscelinum

1095–ca. 1100 letter/polemic Oxford
Theobald of Étampes
Epistola ad Roscelinum [Letter to Roscelin]
PL 163: 767–770 (link)
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 604–607 (link)

two MSS
    Cambridge, St John's College, 42, fol. 78r (saec. xii)
    Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College, 154, fol. 202 (saec. xii/xiii)

In this letter on the sons of priests, Theobald refers to himself in the letter as magister Oxnefordiae, one of the earliest to do so.  Phrases are borrowed from Serlo of Bayeux's poem on the same topic.


1096–1099 Rangerius of Lucca Vita metrica sancti Anselmi episcopi Lucensis

1096–1099 hagiography Lucca
Rangerius, bishop of Lucca (ca. 1096–1112)
Vita metrica sancti Anselmi episcopi Lucensis [Verse life of Anselm, bishop of Lucca]
ed. E. Sackur et al., MGH SS 30/2: 1155–1307 (link)

one MS
    Santa Maria Ripoll, 115, fol. 1r-105r (saec. xii); mostly destroyed by fire in 1835, but a copy is now in Madrid, Real Academia de la Historia; also contains Rangerius' Liber de anulo et baculo
 
BHL 540


1096–1101 Honorius Augustodunensis Elucidarium

1096–1101 treatise England?
Honorius Augustodunensis
Elucidarium [Illuminator]
PL 172: 1109–1176 (link)
ed. Y. Lefèvre, L'Elucidarium et les lucidaires (Paris, 1954), 343–477

337 MSS: see the lists in D. Gottschall, in Texte und Textgeschichte 33 (Tübingen, 1992), 297–306, and V.L. Flint, in Authors of the Middle Ages 2.6 (1995), 162


1096–1123 Marbode of Rennes Epistolae ad Ingelgerium

1096–1123 letters Rennes
Marbode, bishop of Rennes (1096–1123)
Epistolae ad Ingelgerium [Letters to Ingelger the hermit]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 692–694 (link)

no MSS given by Böhmer

Two brief letters addressed to a solitary named Ingelgarius, who was potentially a companion of Robert of Arbrissel.


ca. 1097 Deusdedit Libellus contra invasores et symoniacos et reliquos scismaticos

ca. 1097 (1080–ca. 1097) polemic Rome
Deusdedit, cardinal-priest of San Pietro in Vincoli (†1098/9)
Libellus contra invasores et symoniacos et reliquos scismaticos [Book against the invaders and simoniacs and other scismatics]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 300–365 (link)

three MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 162, fol. 2v-139r (saec. xii)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, 17 (saec. xv)
    Tarragona, Biblioteca Pública del Estado, 35, fol. 146v-162r (saec. xi/xii) (link)

three MSS (post 1500)
    Roma, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, C.19 (saec. xvi)
    Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 765 (saec. xvi)
    Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 765 (saec. xvii/xviii)

There are two recensions to this polemic: an earlier version used by Anselm of Lucca in 1085 and another completed ca. 1097.


1097–1098   Satira in Mettenses

1097–1098 poetry/polemic Metz
Satira in Mettenses [Satire in Metz]
ed. E. Dümmler and H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 619–621 (link)

one MS
    Brussel, KBR, 10727, fol. 138 (saec. xiiin)

The poem calls (l. 91) for a reinstatement of Bishop Poppo, the successor to Hermann approved by Urban II, who had been driven into exile in 1097.


ca. 1098 Hugo Versus contra Manegoldum

ca. 1098 (1088–1100) poetry/polemic Rome?
Hugh "the orthodox"
Versus contra Manegoldum [Verses against Manegold]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 1: 430–431 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 17142, fol. 101r-102r (saec. xii) (link)

The date of this poem is difficult to determine: it may reflect the period during which Manegold was held in captivity by Henry IV (1098).  The author, "Hugo orthodoxus" may be a Roman cardinal loyal to Wibert and author of a couple of letters during the same time.


ca. 1098 Hugo cardinalis et al. Scripta contra Gregorium VII et Urbanum II

ca. 1098 polemic Rome
Hugo et alii cardinales schismatici
Scripta contra Gregorium VII et Urbanum II [Writings against Gregory VII and Urban II]
ed. K. Francke, MGH LdL 2: 380–422 (link)

one MS
    Brussel, KBR, 11196-97, fol. 2v-10r (saec. xii)

one MS (post 1500)
    Hannover, GWLB, XI 671, fol. 91r et seq. (saec. xvi)

The two letters of Cardinal Beno, also known as the Gesta Romanae ecclesiae contra Hildebrandum were later incorporated into this collection.  The remaining components are as follows:
    III. [1088–1098] Contra decretum Hildebrandi
    IV. [1095–1098] Cardinal Hugh to Hugh Candidus
    V. [1098] Roman cardinals
    VI. [1098] Cardinal Romanus to all faithful
    VII. [1098] Clement III to Cardinal Hugh
    VIII. [1098] Contra decreta Urbani (at Piacenza)
    IX. [1098] Cardinal Hugh to Cardinal Beno
    X. [1098] Cardinal Hugh to Mathilda of Tuscany
    XI. Excerpts from the Sixth Council of Toledo (638) and a decree of Nicholas I (858–867)

The longest text is no. III (380-403), very much a treatise with long quotations from the fathers; it criticizes the use of canon law by Gregory VII and his supporters.  The subsequent letters mostly relate to a synod held by the cardinals loyal to Clement III in Rome in August 1098.  The whole collection may have been compiled by the cardinal-deacon Hugh, the author of three letters and the recipient of one.  This Hugh is potentially the Hugo orthodoxus who penned the Versus contra Manegoldum.


1099–1100 Frutolf of Michelsberg Chronicon

1099–1100 history Michelsberg
Frutolf of Michelsberg
Chronicon [Chronicle]
ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS 6: 33–211 (link)
*ed. & übers. F.-J. Schmale & I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 15 (Darmstadt, 1972), 48–121

autograph MS
    Jena, Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek, Bose q. 19, fol. 1r-184r (autograph) (link)

five MS copies
    Erlangen, Universitätsbibliothek, 406 (saec. xii)
    Jena, Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek, El. f. 65, fol. 1r-137r (saec. xiii) (link)
    Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, 504, fol. 187v-197v (ca. 1100) (annales 1057-1102)
    Praha, Národní Muzeum, XVII.D.25 (saec. xii)
    Warszawa, Biblioteka Narodowa, BOZ 28 (saec. xiv/xv)


post 1099 Garcia of Toledo Tractatus de Albino et Rufino

post 1099 polemic Toledo
Garcia, canon of Toledo
Tractatus de Albino et Rufino [Treatise on saints Gold and Silver]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 425–435 (link)
*ed. and trans. R. Thomson, Tractatus Garsiae (1973), 14–44

four MSS
    Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College 427, fol. 134v-143v (saec. xii)
    Cambridge, Trinity College, R. 3.56, fol. 37r-44r (saec. xii2) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Pal. lat. 242, fol. 65r-70v (saec. xiiin) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 1911, fol. 91v-95v (saec. xiiimed)

The composition of this satirical work mocking the avarice of the papal court likely occurred shortly after the archbishop of Toledo's journey there in May 1099.  The opening line refers to Urbanus Romanae ecclesiae avidissimus pontifex.


1099–1118 Paschal II Epistolae et privilegia

1099–1118 letters Rome
Rainerius, cardinal-priest of San Clemente (1073–1099), Pope Paschal II (1099–1118)
Epistolae et privilegia [Letters and privileges]
PL 163: 31–444 (link)

various MSS: no register survives


ca. 1100 Rodulf of St-Sepulchre Vita Lietberti episcopi Cameracensis

ca. 1100 hagiography Cambrai
Rudolf/Raoul of St-Sepulchre
Vita Lietberti episcopi Cameracensis [Life of Lietbert, bishop of Cambrai]
ed. A. Hofmeister, MGH SS 30/2: 840–868 (link)

three MSS
    Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 862, fol. 12 et seq. (ca. 1200) (link)
    Douai, Bibliothèque municipale, 851, fol. 50r-78v (saec. xiii)
    København, Kongelige Bibliotek, Thott 520, fol. 9v-33r (saec. xiii)

BHL 4929


ca. 1100 "Norman anonymous" Tractates Eboracenses

ca. 1100 (1096-1106) polemic Rouen
"Norman anonymous"
Tractates Eboracenses [York tractates]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 645–687 (link): J1, J2, J5, J8, J11, J12, J13, J14, J16, J17, J18, J19, J20, J23a, J23b, J31
ed. G.H. Williams, The Norman anonymous of 1100 AD, Harvard Theological Studies 18 (1951), 208–236 (link): J3, J7, J10, J21, J24a, J24c, J24d
ed. K. Pellens, Die Texte des Normannischen Anonymus, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz 42 (Wiesbaden, 1966)
*ed. J. Ginther & T. O'Sullivan, The Electronic Norman Anonymous Project (www.normananonymous.org) unfortunately, this digital edition and manuscript interface is no longer active online (2017)

one MS
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 415 (ca. 1100) (autograph?) (link)

This collection of 35 treatises has gone by the name of Tractates Eboracenses, but they likely emanated not from York but Rouen. Partial editions (of specific tracts) were produced by Böhmer and Williams, with complete editions from Pellens and Ginther & O'Sullivan. The identification of individual tracts comes from the Corpus Christi MS catalogue edited by James (1911) 2.1: 303–308 (link), who identified 31 tracts, two of which (J23 & J24) contain further subdivisions.  An updated list is in Williams (1951), 206–207 (link).  Most tracts are relatively brief, though the longest, J24A: De consecratione pontificum et regum, fills over 50 MS folios. The tracts treat other issues as well, as revealed, e.g. in J22: Apologia pro filiis sacerdotum.


ca. 1100 Pseudo-Fulbert De episcopis ad bella procedentibus

ca. 1100 letter/polemic northern France?
Pseudo-Fulbert of Chartres
De episcopis ad bella procedentibus [On bishops proceeding to wars]
PL 141: 255–260 (link)
ed. F. Behrends, in Revue bénédictine 80 (1970): 263–269

three MSS
    Paris, BnF, nouv. acq. lat. 2243 (saec. xii)
    St-Omer, Bibliothèque municipale, 253 (saec. xiii)
    Valenciennes, Bibliothèque municipale, 482 (saec. xii)

ca. 1100   Decreta Simonis

ca. 1100 poetry/polemic unknown
Decreta Simonis [Decrees of Simon]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 697–698 (link)
ed. G.M. Dreves, Analecta hymnica 46 (1905): 364–365 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 711, fol. 112 (saec. xii)


ca. 1100   De avaritia praesulum

ca. 1100 poetry/polemicunknown
De avaritia praesulum [On the avarice of prelates]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 698–699 (link)
ed. G.M. Dreves, Analecta hymnica 46 (1905): 366 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 711, fol. 112 (saec. xii)


ca. 1100? Magister G. Epistola de sacramentis haereticorum

ca. 1100? polemic unknown
"Magister G."
Epistola de sacramentis haereticorum [Letter on the sacraments of heretics]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 3: 12–20 (link)

one MS
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, 718 Helmst., fol. 26v-33v (saec. xii)

This polemic takes the form of a dialogue between master and student; the dating estimate is general.  If the master in question is Gerhoh of Reichersberg, as some have suggested, then the letter dates several decades later.


ca. 1100?   Versus de Romana avaricia

ca. 1100? poetry/polemic unknown
Versus de Romana avaricia [Verses on Roman avarice]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 701-702 (link)

two MSS
    København, Kongelige Bibliotek, Fabr. 81 (saec. xii/xiii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 640 (fragment)


1100–1116 Rupert of Deutz? Contra litteras cuiusdam presbyterorum coniugatorum causam defendentis

1100–1116 polemic Liège
Rupert of Deutz/Robert of St-Laurent?
Contra litteras cuiusdam presbyterorum coniugatorum causam defendentis [Against certain letters defending the cause of married priests]
ed. D. de Bruyne, in Revue bénédictine 35 (1923): 249–254 (link)

one MS
    Liège, Bibliothèque de l'université, 230, fol. 137v-139r (saec. xii)

Reinerius of St-Laurent (MGH SS 20, 596 [link]) credits Rupert with Nonnulla scripta...quorum unus presbiter, immo concubinarius, presbiteros concubinis licenter uti posse, menstruatis astruxerat pagellis..., which is otherwise unknown, and Frauenknecht (1997) sees this as Rupert's work, though earlier Rupert specialists were less certain.


1100–1110 Landulf Senior Historiae Mediolanensis libri quatuor

1100–1110 history Milan
Landulf Senior (Landulf the Elder)
Historiae Mediolanensis libri quatuor [Four book on the history of Milan]
ed. L. Bethmann & W. Wattenbach, MGH SS 8: 36–100 (link)
ed. A. Cutolo, in Rerum Italicarum scriptores, nuova edizione, 4.2 (Bologna, 1942)

one MS
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, H 89 inf. (saec. xiv)

two MSS (post-1500)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, 128 (saec. xvii)
    Milano, Società storica Lombarda, Codice Landolfo o Casati (saec. xviii)


1100–1110 Honorius Augustodunensis De offendiculo [et] de apostatis

1100–1110 polemic England?
Honorius Augustodunensis
De offendiculo et de apostatis [On the stumbling block and on apostates]
ed. J. Dieterich, MGH LdL 3: 38–63 (link)

five MSS
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 34 (saec. xiv) (link)
    Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek, Vulc. 100 (saec. xii)
    Liège, Bibliothèque de l'université, 333, fol. 71r-76v (saec. xiiiex)
    München, BSB, clm 13105, fol. 105r-125v (saec. xiiex)
    Kremsmünster, Stiftsbibliothek, 133 (saec. xiii-xiv)

De apostatis (which treats wayward monks) seems to be an appendix to De offendiculo, which condemns clerical marriage.


ca. 1100–1110 Petrus Pictor Versus contra simoniam

ca. 1100–1110 poetry/polemic St-Omer
Petrus Pictor, canon of St-Omer
Versus contra simoniam [Verses against simony]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 708–710 (link)
ed. L. Van Acker, CCCM 25 (1972), 87–90

fifteen MSS
    Gent, Universiteitsbibliotheek, 92, (1112–1121) (link) = Liber Floridus of Lambert of St-Omer
    København, Kongelige Bibliotek, Fabricius 81 (saec. xiiex)
    Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek, 256 (saec. xiii)
    München, BSB, clm 6911 (saec. xiv)
    München, BSB, clm 172I2 (saec. xii/xiii)
    München, BSB, clm 22227 (saec. xii)
    Saint-Omer, Bibliothèque municipale, 115 (saec. xiiex)
    Oxford, Bodleian, Digby 65 (saec. xiii)
    Oxford, Bodleian, Laud. mise. 290 (saec. xiiex)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 712, (saec. xii-ex)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 14193 (saec. xii)
    Praha, Národní knihovna České republiky, XIII. G. 18 (2385) (saec. xv)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 609 (saec. xiii)
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, 4413 (Gud. Lat. 109) (saec. xii)
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, 656 (Helmst. 608) (saec. xv)


ca. 1100–1121 Alger of Liège Liber de misericordia et iustitia

ca. 1100–1121 canon law Liège
Alger of Liège (†1131)
Liber de misericordia et iustitia [Book on mercy and justice]
PL 180: 857–968 (link)
*ed. R. Kretzschmar, in Quellen und Forschungen zum Recht im Mittelalter 2 (Sigmaringen, 1985)

four MSS
    Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 562, fol. 2r-79r (saec. xii2)
    Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, Parm. 976, fol. 231v-240v (excerpta) (saec. xiiex)
    Troyes, Bibliothèque municipale, 443, fol. 2v-69r (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2177 (saec. xii) (abridgement)

one MS (post-1500)
    Brussel, KBR, 10611-14, fol. 3r-57r (saec. xvi)

A sophisticated collection, containing less direct quotation of authorities and more explanation of principles.


ca. 1100–1125   "Gens Romanorum subdola..."

ca. 1100–ca. 1125 poetry/polemic unknown
"Gens Romanorum subdola / Antiqua colit hydola"
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 706–707 (link)

two MSS
    Brussel, KBR, 10615-729, 70v-71r (saec. xii)
    Brussel, KBR, 9802 (ca. 1100?)

Dating estimate is general.


1101–1102 Peter of Padua Epistola de miraculis ad Clementis III sepulchrum

1101–1102 hagiography northern Italy
Peter, bishop of Padua (1096–1106)
Epistola de miraculis ad Clementis III sepulchrum [Letter on the miracles at the tomb of Clement III]
ed. P. Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum 5 (1869): 194–196 (link)

two MSS
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 81v-82r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 169-171 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

BHL 1858: letter addressed to Henry IV.


ca. 1102 Hugh of Flavigny Chronicon

ca. 1102 history Flavigny
Hugh of Flavingy
Chronicon [Chronicle]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 8: 288–502 (link)

one MS autograph
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Phillipps 1870 (olim Meerm. 769), fol. 10r-148r (saec. xiex)


1102–1103 Gilbert Crispin De simoniacis

1102–1103 polemic London
Gilbert Crispin, abbot of Westminster (1085–1117)
De simoniacis [On simoniacs]
ed. J.A. Robinson, Gilbert Crispin, abbot of Westminster (London 1911), 111–124 (link)
ed. A.S. Abulafia & G.R. Evans, in The works of Gilbert Crispin, abbot of Westminster (London, 1986), 142–157

one MS
    Oxford, St John's College, 149, fol. 99r-111r (saec. xii)

Probably written after the council of Westminster in September 1102, convoked by Anselm of Canterbury.


1102–1104 Hugh of Fleury Tractatus de regia potestate et sacerdotali dignitate

1102–1104 polemic Fleury
Hugh of Fleury († post 1118)
Tractatus de regia potestate et sacerdotali dignitate [Treatise on royal power and priestly dignity]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 466–494 (link)

two MSS
    Avranches, Bibliothèque municipale, 16 (saec. xiii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 1977, fol. 34v-62v (saec. xiiex/xiiiin) (link)

Addressed to King Henry I of England


1103 Sigebert of Gembloux Epistola Leodicensium adversus Paschalem papam

1103 polemic Gembloux/Liège
Sigebert of Gembloux (†1112)
Epistola Leodicensium adversus Paschalem papam [Letter of the Liège (clergy) against Pope Paschal]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 451–464 (link)

five MSS
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (olim P.I.9), fol. 114r-120v (saec. xii) (link)
    London, BL, addit. 16606, fol. 113r-115r (saec. xii) (fragment)
    München, BSB, clm 4594, fol. 38r-40v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 98r-104r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 210-225 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
   


ante 1104   Annales Augustani

ante 1104 history Augsburg
Annales Augustani [Annals of Augsburg]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 3: 124-136 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 2, fol. 6v-9r (saec. xii) (link)

Annals cover 973 to 1104, and get more detailed from 1075 onward.


1105 Marbode of Rennes Elogium Milonis

1105 poetry Rennes
Marbode, bishop of Rennes (1096–1123)
Elogium Milonis [Elegy for Milo]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGh LdL 3: 695–696 (link)

no MSS given by Böhmer
   
In praise of the recently deceased Milo, cardinal-bishop of Palestrina and papal legate.


ca. 1105   De sepultura eorum qui falso excommunicati dicuntur non turbanda

ca. 1105 polemic unknown
De sepultura eorum qui falso excommunicati dicuntur non turbanda [On not distrubing the graves of those falsely excommunicated]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 3: 689–690 (link)

one MS
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (olim P.I.9), fol. 125r-v (saec. xii) (link)


1105–1106   "O pietas, o ius, o regni sceptriger huius"

1105–1106 poetry/polemic unknown
"O pietas, o ius, o regni sceptriger huius" 
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 705 (link)

two MSS
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 1049
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2229, fol. 138 (saec. xiii)


1105–1106   Conquestio Heinrici IV imperatoris ad Heinricum filium

1105–1106 history unknown
Conquestio Heinrici IV imperatoris ad Heinricum filium [Lament of Emperor Henry IV to his son Henry]
ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH SRG 17: 24–28 (link)

three MSS
    London, BL, Harley 337, fol. 8r (saec. xii)
    München, BSB, clm 17142, fol. 116v (saec. xii)

fragment containing six variant verses
        London, BL, addit. 16606, fol. 112v (saec. xii)
Sum quoniam pauper, non est me vilior alter. / Heu mihi ! quid faciam? quo me vertam? cui credam? / Suevulus et Saxo concedunt nunc tibi falso, / Perfida gens vere, per quam multi periere. / Quodsi depellor, et tu pelleris, et error / Peior erit primo. Mi fili, dulce caveto!


ante 1106 Gauzelin of St-Pierremont Visio cuiusdam fratris

ante 1106 misc St-Pierremont
Gauzelin of St-Pierremont
Visio cuiusdam fratris [Vision of a certain brother]
ed. S. Staats, in Analecta Bollandiana 113 (1995): 142–142 (link)

one MS
    Saint-Omer, Bibliothèque d'Agglomération, 696, fol. 107r-v (saec. xii)

This brief vision of a canon's otherworldly journey ends with a mention of the punishment awaiting Henry IV (as well as his partisans) in the afterlife unless he repents, and so predates his death in 1106.  It probably dates to ca. 1100.


1106   Libellus de rebellione Heinrici V

1106 history Mainz?
Libellus de rebellione Heinrici V [Book of the rebellion of Henry V]
ed. G. Waitz, MGH SRG [8]: 51-57 (link)

one MS
    Paris, BnF, lat. 6114, fol. 59v-64r (saec. xi-xii) (link) = Annales Hildesheimenses

Account contained within the Annales Hildesheimenses for the years 1103–1106.


ca. 1106 Lambert the Younger Cantatorium sive Chronicon sancti Huberti

ca. 1106 history St-Hubert
Lambert the Younger (Lambertus Parvus)
Cantatorium sive Chronicon sancti Huberti [Chronicle of St-Hubert-en-Ardennes]
ed. K. Hanquet, La chronique de Saint-Hubert dite Cantatorium (Brussels, 1906) (link)

one MS
    Brussel, KBR, II. 1515 (saec. xiii, from Orval)

nine MSS (post-1500)

Lambert seems to have begun the chronicle ca. 1098; the narrative breaks off in 1106 in the Brussels MS.


1106–1111   Carmen Laureshamense

1106–1111 poetry/polemic Lorsch
Carmen Laureshamense [Lorsch poem]
ed. K. Glöckner, Codex Laureshamensis 1 (Darmstadt, 1929): 419–422 (link)

one MS
    Codex Laureshamensis, fol. 28r-29r (saec. xii2) (link)

Poem is addressed to Henry V, but no imperial title is used.


1106–1123 Henry V et al. Epistolae

1106–1123 misc various
Henry V et al.
Epistolae [Letters]
ed. P. Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum 5: 257–259, 268–274, 305–308, 310–315 (link)
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 133–134, 150–151, 156–157 (link

four MSS
    München, BSB, clm 4594 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

Alongside other important Constitutiones, Weiland reproduces several of Henry V's letters preserved in the Codex Udalrici.

(See separate entries below for the treaties of 1111 and 1122.)


post 1106   Vita Heinrici IV imperatoris

post Aug. 1106 (ca. 1106–1107) biography unknown
Vita Heinrici IV imperatoris [Life of Emperor Henry IV]
ed. W. Eberhard, MGH SRG 58: 9–44 (link)

one MS
    München, BSB, clm 14095, fol. 1-26 (saec. xiiin) (link)


post 1106   "Roma, caput mundi, terrarum summa postestas"

post 1106 poetry/polemic unknown
"Roma, caput mundi, terrarum summa postestas"
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 703 (link)

three MSS (used by Böhmer)
    Brussel, KBR, 8883-8895 (saec. xii)
    Salzburg, Stiftsbibliothek Sankt Peter, V. 32 (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 1283 (saec. xiiex)

Only the second portion [B] of the poem is datable, since it refers to Henry IV's death 1106 (l. 10): Rex male mortuus est diademate despoliatus.


post 1107   Gesta episcoporum Tullensium

post 1107 history Toul
Gesta episcoporum Tullensium [Deeds of the bishops of Toul]
ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS 8: 632–648 (link

two MSS
    Den Haag, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Ms. 70 H 45, fol. 126v-159r (saec. xiiex)
    Nancy, Bibliothèque municipale, 1258, fol. 2v-135v (saec. xii)

three MSS (post-1500)
    Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Phill. 1757/III, pp. 69-77 (saec. xvii)
    Carpentras, Bibliothèque Inguimbertine, 1782, fol. 452-473 (saec. xvii)
    Paris, BnF, Baluze 57, fol. 174r-185v (saec. xvii)

Begun after the death of Bishop Pibo in 1107.


1109   Tractatus de investitura episcoporum

1109 polemic Liège?
Tractatus de investitura episcoporum [Treatise on the investiture of bishops]

ed. E. Bernheim, MGH LdL 2: 498–504 (link)
ed. J. Krimm-Beumann, in Deutsches Archiv 33 (1977): 66–83 (link)

seven MSS
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Patr. 48 (Q.VI.31), fol. 58r-62r (saec. xii/xiii))
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (olim P.I.9), fol. 120v-122r (saec. xii) (link)
    London, BL, Arundel 242, fol. 154r-132v (saec. xv)
    München, BSB, clm 569, fol. 154r et seq. (saec. xv)
    München, BSB, clm 17736, fol. 128r-133v (saec. xii)
    München, BSB, clm 28351, fol. 148r-152r (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 532, fol. 127r-130v (saec. xii)

one MS (post-1500)
    Regensburg, Hofbibliothek, 182, fol. 244r-249r (saec. xvi)

The editor posits Sigebert of Gembloux as the author, though this is not definitive.  Historical examples presented in the treatise do suggest liégeois origins.


ca. 1110 Rangerius of Lucca Liber de anulo et baculo

ca. 1110 poetry/polemic Lucca
Rangerius, bishop of Lucca (ca. 1096–1112)
Liber de anulo et baculo [Book on the ring and the staff]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 508–533 (link)

one MS
    Santa Maria Ripoll, 115, fol. 1r-17v (saec. xii), mostly destroyed by fire in 1835, now in Madrid.


1111   Conventiones inter Heinricum regem et Paschalis papam

1111 (Feb. & Apr.) treaties Rome
Conventiones inter Heinricum regem et Paschalis papam [Agreements between King Henry V and Pope Paschal II]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 137–152 (link)

various MSS (see Weiland), including those of the Codex Udalrici and
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1984, fol. 193b (saec. xii)

These two sets of agreements form part of the negotiations for Henry V's imperial coronation in Rome.

1) Conventiones in ecclesia sanctae Mariae in Turri et in civitate Sutrii facta [Agreements made in the church of Santa Maria in Turri and in the city of Sutri], occurred in February. The most substantial and important document to come out of this is the Privilegium conventionis Paschalis, ed. Weiland, 141–142 (no. 90 [link]), in which the pope famously renounced regalia in an effort to end the Investiture Controversy.  Opposition to this proposal prevailed and Paschal II became the king's prisoner until he agreed in April to the

2) Conventio apud pontem Mammeum facta [Agreement made at Ponte Mammolo], where Paschal grants investiture to Henry and promises not to excommunicate him, ed. Weiland, 144–145 (no. 96 [link]).  This soon became known as the praeviligium [crooked privilege] and was denounced by reform partisans.

These negotiations of 1111 were publicized both in papal and royal relationes, which each provide narrative surrounding the treaties:
    Relatio registri Paschalis II, ed. Weiland, 147–150 (no. 99 [link])
    Encyclica Heinrici V, ed. Weiland, 150–151 (no. 100 [link])
    Relatio caesarea altera, ed. Weiland, 151–152 (no. 101 [link])


1111 Johannes Marsicanus Epistola ad Richardum episcopum Albanensem

1111 letter Rome
Johannes Marsicanus, bishop of Tusculum (1100–1119)
Epistola ad Richardum episcopum Albanensem  [Letter to Richard, bishop of Albano]
PL 160: 1037–1040 (link)

MSS unknown

Letter publicizing the imprisonment of Paschal II in Feb. 1111.  The PL also includes (from Baronius) Johannes' speech to the Romans (Concio ad populum Romanum) from the same time, which appears in altered form in the Chronica monasterii Casinensis, ed. H. Hoffmann, MGH SS 34: 506 (link).


1111   De captione papae

1111 poetry unknown
De captione papae [On the capture of the pope]
ed. P. Lehmann, in Historische Vierteljahrschrift 30 (1935): 58 (link)

two MSS
    København, Kongelige Bibliotek, Fabricius 81, fol. 95v (saec. xiiex)
    London, BL, Cott. Cleop. C I, fol. 2rb (saec. xii)


1111   Carmen rhythmicum de captivitate Paschalis papae

1111 poetry/polemic Rome?
Carmen rhythmicum de captivitate Paschalis papae [Rhyming poem on the captivity of Pope Paschal]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 2: 673–675 (link)

one MS
    Paris, BnF, lat. 11832, fol. 8r (saec. xii)


1111   Orthodoxa defensio imperialis

1111 polemic Farfa
Orthodoxa defensio imperialis [Orthodox imperial defense]
ed.  L. von Heinemann, MGH LdL 2: 535–542 (link)

one MS
    Roma, Biblioteca Casanatense, D XIII, 16, fols. 1-10 (saec. xv)

Attributed to the monk Gregory of Catino by von Heinemann, but this identification is not certain.  Written as a defense of Henry V's actions at Rome in early 1111, which the monastery of Farfa supported.


1111 Placidus of Nonantula Liber de honore ecclesiae

1111 polemic Nonantula
Placidus of Nonantula
Liber de honore ecclesiae  [Book on the honor of the church]
ed. L. von Heinemann & E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 568–639 (link)

three MSS
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 735, fol. 65r-115r (saec. xii)
    Göttweig, Stiftsbibliothek, 106 (50), pp. 123-246 (saec. xii) (link)
    Venezia, Biblioteca nazionale Marciana, Cl. IV 95, fol. 1r-18v (saec. xii) (fragment)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2235, fol. 1v-57v (saec. xii)


1111 Geoffrey of Vendôme Epistola ad Paschalem papam

1111 letter/polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
Epistolae ad Paschalem papam [Letter to Pope Paschal II]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 680–683 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 250–254, 272–280 (extended version)

four MSS
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut., 23, fol. 38r-41r (saec. xii1)
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 33v-36v (saec. xii1)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 59, fol. 84v-85r, 91r-95r (saec. xii)
    Vendôme, Bibliothèque municipale, 193 (saec. xii1)


ca. 1111   Epistola de vitanda missa uxoratorum sacerdotum

ca. 1111 polemic Bavaria
Epistola de vitanda missa uxoratorum sacerdotum [Letter on avoiding the masses of married priests]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 3: 2–11 (link)

two MSS
    München, BSB, clm 16085, fol. 36r-45r (saec. xii) longer version
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, 718 Helmst., fol. 10v-18v (saec. xii)


1111–1112 Bruno of Segni Epistolae quatuor

1111–1112 letter/polemic Segni
Bruno, bishop of Segni (1079–1123), abbot of Montecassino (1107–1111)
Epistolae quatuor [Four letters]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 563–565 (link)
Epist. 4: ed. G. Fransen, in Studi Gregoriani 9 (1972): 528–533 (link)

two MSS
    Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Convv. Soppressi 255 F 4, fol. 3r-4r (saec. xii): Epist. no. 4 only
    Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 276, fol. 221v-222v (saec. xv)
    Montecassino, Archivio e Biblioteca dell'Abbazia, 522, fol. 4-5 (saec. xiiin)


1111–1113 Gregory of San Grisogono Collectio canonum "Polycarpus"

1111–1113 canon law Rome
Gregory, cardinal-priest of San Grisogono
Collectio canonum "Polycarpus" [Collection of canons called Polycarpus]
ed. C. Erdmann, H. Fuhrmann, U. Horst (MGH) (link)

twelve MSS
    Carpentras, Bibliothèque Inguimbertine, 169 (L.171), fol. 5-246 (saec. xii)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Strozzi 27 (saec. xiiin)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Conv. soppr. B.4.559, fol. 5v-234v (saec. xii2)
    Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 258 (saec. xii)
    Köln, Erzbischöfliche Diözesan- und Dombibliothek, 126 (Darmst. 2125) (saec. xii)
    Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 7127 (saec. xiiin)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3881 (saec. xiiex)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 3882 (saec. xiv)
    Salamanca, Biblioteca Universitaria, 2348 (saec. xii2)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 987 (saec. xiiex)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 1026 (saec. xiiiin)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1354 (saec. xii) (link)

one MSS (post-1500)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3530 (saec. xviii, copy of Vat. lat. 1354)

The work is dedicated to Diego Gelmirez, bishop of Compostella, who received the pallium from Paschal II in 1104.


1111–1115 Donizo of Canossa Vita Mathildis

1111–1115 biography Tuscany
Donizo of Canossa
Vita Mathildis [Life of Mathilda]
ed. L. Bethmann, MGH SS 12: 351–409 (link)
ed. L. Simeoni, RIS nuova edn. 5/2 (Bologna, 1930-1940) (link)
ed. & trad. P. Golinelli, Vita di Matilde di Canossa (Milan, 2008)

autograph MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 4922 (autograph with illustrations) (link)

three MS copies
    Lucca, Biblioteca Governativa, 2508 (a. 1234)
    Mantova, Biblioteca Comunale, 243 (B.IV.17), fol. 28r-47r (saec. xv)
    Reggio Emilia, Biblioteca Comunale, Turri E 52 (saec. xiv) (link)

eight MS copies (post-1500): see Golinelli (1999)


1112 Joscerannus of Lyon Responsio ad Ivonem episcopum

1112 letter Lyon
Joscerannus of Lyon (1107–1118)
Responsio ad Ivonem episcopum [Response to Bishop Ivo]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 654–657 (link)

seven MSS used by Sackur, though there are many more, since the letter forms part of Ivo's letter collection.


1112   Concilium Lateranense

1112 council Rome
Concilium Lateranense  [Lateran council]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 571–573 (link)

four MSS
    Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, M. 79, fol. 249 (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 3057, fol. 160 (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 147, fol. 27r (saec. xii) (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1984, fol. 193 (saec. xii)

four MSS mentioned in older editions
    St-Albin Anjou & Lucca (Mansi); St-Iustina Padua (Marca); St-Vincent Besancon (Martène)

Council at which the praeviligium is condemned.


1112   Epistolae de Paschali papa

1112 letter/polemic unknown
Epistolae de Paschali papa [Letters on Pope Paschal]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 668–673 (link)

two MSS
    Pommersfelden, Gräflich Schönbornsche Bibliothek, 87/2792 (saec. xiii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 2904 (saec. xii/xiii)

There are two works here: Lamentatio pro captione pape Paschalis (668) and Excusatio dispensationis pape pro captione sua (669–673)

The former attribution of these works to Hildebert of Le Mans has been challenged.


1112 & 1117 Wido of Chur Epistolae ad Paschalem papam

1112 & 1117 letters Chur
Wido, bishop of Chur (1096–1122)
Epistolae ad Paschalem papam [Letters to Pope Paschal]
ed. P. Ewald in Neues Archiv 3 (1878), 170–172, 177 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 3088, fol. 80r-83v (saec. xii)

one MS (post-1500)
    Vaticano, BAV, Ottob. lat. 7932 (saec. xvii)

Three letters from Wido of Chur out of a set of 24, the rest of which are from Popes Paschal II and Calixtus II to Wido.


1112–1114   Chronica imperatorum

1112–1114 history Bamberg?
Chronica imperatorum [Chronicle of emperors]
ed. & übers. F.-J. Schmale and I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 15 (Darmstadt, 1972), 212–265

one MS
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 373 (link)

Illustrated chronicle, presented to Henry V as a wedding gift in 1114.  One of several continuations of the Chronicon of Frutolf of Michelsberg, perhaps by the same author who wrote an earlier continuation up to the year 1106.


1112–1114 Canons of Utrecht Epistola ad Fredericum archiepiscopum Coloniensem

1112–1114 letter Utrecht
Canons of Utrecht (Trajectensis ecclesia)
Epistola ad Fredericum archiepiscopum Coloniensem [Letter to Frederick, archbishop of Cologne]
ed. P. Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum 5: 296–300 (link)
ed. P. Fredericq, Corpus documentorum Inquisitionis haereticae pravitatis Neerlandicae 1 (1889): 15–18 (link)

three MSS
    München, BSB, clm 4594, fol. 41r-42r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 117v-119r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, pp. 257-260 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

Letter on the heretical preacher Tanchelm.


1112–1114 Eadmer of Canterbury Vita Anselmi archiepiscopi

1112–1114 hagiography Canterbury
Eadmer of Canterbury († ca. 1126)
Vita Anselmi archiepiscopi  [Life of Archbishop Anselm]
PL 158: 49–117 (link)
ed. & trans. R.W. Southern (Oxford, 1972)

twenty-seven MSS according to Southern, pp. xiii–xxvi

BHL 525–526.  Eadmer's intitial Vita Anselmi, completed between 1112 and 1114, was supplemented and revised before his death.


1112–1118   Disputatio vel defensio Paschalis papae

1112–1118 polemic Rome?
Disputatio vel defensio Paschalis papae  [Disputation or defense of Pope Paschal]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 659–666 (link)

one MS
    Napoli, Biblioteca Nazionale, V. C. 46 (saec. xii)

Dated to 1112 by Sackur; Blumenthal (1987) has proposed a later date, close to the Lateran council of 1116.


1114–1115 Rodulf of St-Trond Gesta abbatum Trudonensium

1114–1115 history St-Trond/St-Truiden
Rodulf, abbot of St-Trond (1107–1138)
Gesta abbatum Trudonensium  [Deeds of the abbots of St-Trond]
ed. R. Köpke, MGH SS 10: 227–272 (link)
ed. C. de Borman, Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Trond (1877), 1–119  (link)

four MSS 
    Brussel, KBR, 18181 (saex. xiii/xiv)
    Leuven, Bibliotheek van de Faculteit Godgeleerdheid, fol. 1r-82v (saec. xii)
    Liège, Bibliothèque de l'Université, 253 (saec. xiii)
    Paris, Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, 1067, fol. 3r-200v (saec. xv)

four MSS (post-1500)
    Brussel, KBR, 14965 (saec. xix)
    Brussel, KBR, 6410-6416 (saec. xvi)
    Brussel, KBR, 7647-7651 (saec. xvi)
    Brussel, KBR,16607-16608 (saec. xvi)

Several continuations were added to Rodulf's original seven books, including book IX, by Rodulf himself in 1136.


1116–1117 Ekkehard of Aura Chronicon

1116–1117 history Aura
Ekkehard, abbot of Aura (1108–post 1125)
Chronicon [Chronicle]
ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS 6: 208–267 (link)
ed. & übers. F.-J. Schmale and I. Schmale-Ott, Ausgewählte Quellen zur deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters 15 (Darmstadt, 1972), 124–209, 256–377

twenty-eight MSS according to Repertorium Chronicarum (link)

There are several different continuations of Frutolf of Michelsberg's chronicle; whether Ekkehard was the author of all of them, as Waitz saw it, all save the Chronica imperatorum (1112–1114), as Schmale & Schmale-Ott suggest, or only this one has not been fully established. The MSS include a further continuation up to 1125, which does seem to be the work of Ekkehard.


1116–1118   De thesauro Canusinae ecclesiae Romam transmisso...

1116–1118 misc Tuscany
De thesauro Canusinae ecclesiae Romam transmisso et de compensatione ecclesiae Canusinae facta [On the treasure of the church of Canossa sent to Rome and the compensation made to the church of Canossa]
ed. E. Goez & W. Goez, MGH DD Mathilde von Tuszien (1998): 493-494 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 4922, fol. 1v-2v (link)

Appears on the first folio of the autograph MS of Donizo's Vita Mathildis. The intial donation is made by Mathilda in 1082: ad dirigendum pape pro defensione Romanae ecclesiae, quae illo tempore persecutionem grandem habebat a Guiberto heresiarcha.


1116–1118 Geoffrey of Vendôme Epistola ad Rainaldum episcopum

1116–1118 letter/polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
Epistola ad Rainaldum episcopum  [Letter to Bishop Rainald (of Angers)]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 683–687 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 300–308

three MSS
    Firenze, Blblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Plut., 23, fol. 103r-v (saec. xii1)
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 106r-v (saec. xii1)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 59, fol. 113r (saec. xii1)


ca. 1118 Hunaldus of Toul Carmen de anulo et baculo

ca. 1118 poetry/polemic Toul
Hunaldus of Toul
Carmen de anulo et baculo [Poem on the ring and staff]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 721–722 (link)

two MSS
    Brussel, KBR, 10669-10674, fol. 71 (saec. xii)
    Brussel, KBR, 9799-9809, fol. 125r-127r (saec. xii)

Dating estimate is general, based on attestation of Hunald in charters from that time, e.g. a privilege from Calixtus II to St-Èvre in Toul (JL 6731), which mentions dilectum filium nostrum Hunaldum, Tullensem scolasticum, ed. Robert (1874) (link).


1118–1119 Gelasius II Epistolae et privilegia

1118–1119 letters various
John of Gaeta, cardinal-deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin (1088–1118), Pope Gelasius II (1118–1119)
Epistolae et privilegia [Letters and privileges]
PL 163: 487–514 (link)

various MSS – no register survives; cf. Regesta Pontificum Romanorum 1 (1885), 775–780 (link)


1118–ca. 1130   Liber pontificalis: Vita Paschalis II

1118–ca. 1130 biography Rome
Liber pontificalis: Vita Paschalis II  [Book of the pontiffs: Life of Paschal II]
ed. L. Duchesne, Le Liber pontificalis 2 (Paris, 1892), 296–306 (link)

two MSS
    Tortosa, Biblioteca capitular, MS 246 (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3672 (saec. xii) = Petrus Gulielmus

eleven later MS copies identified by Duchesne, xxvii-xxx (link)

The authorship of the Vita Paschalis has been widely debated. Duchesne identified its author with the cardinal Pandulf, author of the three subsequent papal biographies in the 1130s.  Additionally, it is unclear whether our author also collected the details for the brief biographies of the late eleventh-century popes, most notably Gregory VII and Urban II.


1119 Hesso of Strasbourg Relatio de concilio Remensi

1119 history/polemic Strasbourg?
Hesso, scholasticus of Strasbourg
Relatio de concilio Remensi  [Account of the council of Reims]
ed. W. Wattenbach, MGH LdL 3: 22–28 (link)

four MSS
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 122r-124v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 629 (saec. xii)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 1049 (saec. xii)
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliohtek, 283, pp. 256-273 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

Hesso includes in his account the formal diplomatic exchange between pope and emperor in 1119: ed. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 157–158 (link)

1119 Geoffrey of Vendôme Tractatus de ordinatione episcoporum et de investitura laicorum

1119 polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
Tractatus de ordinatione episcoporum et de investitura laicorum  [Treatise on the ordination of bishops and lay investiture]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 687–690 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 336–342

three MSS
    Firenze, Laurent., Plut., 23, fol. 4r-7v (saec. xii1)
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 2r-4v (saec. xii1)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 59, fol. 113r-115v (saec. xii1)


1119 Geoffrey of Vendôme De simonia et investitura laicorum

1119 polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
De simonia et investitura laicorum  [On simony and lay investiture]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 690–693 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 378–386
 
four MSS
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 5r-v, 39r-41v (saec. xii1)
    Vendôme, Bibliothèque municipale, 49, fol. 169r-v (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 59, fol. 124v-126v (saec. xii1)
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 1025, fol. 115r-v (saec. xii)

Treatise is addressed to Calixtus II.


1119 Geoffrey of Vendôme Qualiter in aecclesia dispensationes fieri debent

1119 letter/polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
Qualiter in aecclesia dispensationes fieri debent [How dispensations in the church ought to be made]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 693–694 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 402–404
 
two MSS
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 113v-114r (saec. xii1)
    Vendôme, Bibliothèque municipale, 49, fol. 169r-v (saec. xii)

Letter is addressed to Calixtus II.


1119 Geoffrey of Vendôme Quae tria aecclesia specialiter habere debet

1119 letter/polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
Quae tria aecclesia specialiter habere debet  [Which three (qualities) the church ought to have in particular]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 694 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 404–406
 
two MSS
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 114r-v (saec. xii1)
    Vendôme, Bibliothèque municipale, 49, fol. 9v-10v (saec. xii)

Letter is addressed to Calixtus II.


1119–1124 Calixtus II Epistolae et privilegia

       
1119–1124 letters Rome
Guy, archbishop of Vienne (1088–1119), Pope Calixtus II (1119–1124)
Epistolae et privilegia [Letters and privileges]
PL 163: 1093–1358 (link)

various MSS – no register survives: cf. Regesta Pontificum Romanorum 1 (1885), 780–821 (link)


1120–1121 Udalschalk of Ausgburg De Eginone et Herimanno

1120–1121 hagiography/polemic Augsburg
Udalschalk, abbot of Sankt Ulrich und Afra in Ausgburg (1124–ca. 1150)
De Eginone et Herimanno [On Egino and Hermann]
ed. P. Jaffé, MGH SS 12: 432–448 (link)

one MS
    Augsburg, Diözesanarchiv, 78, fol. 48v-66v (saec. xv)

In praise of Egino, exiled abbot of Sankt Ulrich und Afra (1109–1120), and against Hermann, bishop of Augsburg (1096–1133).  The text ends with a Carmen de itinere et obitu Eginonis.


1120–1122 Hugo Metellus Certamen papae et regis

1120–1122 poetry/polemic Toul
Hugo Metellus
Certamen papae et regis [Struggle of the pope and king]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 714–719 (link)

three MSS
    Brussel, KBR, 10672, fol. 70r-v (saec. xii)
    Brussel, KBR, 9799-9809, fol. 122 (saec. xii)
    Vorau, Stiftsbibliothek, Hs. 33 (olim 111), fol. 53v-55v (saec. xii)

Böhmer also includes a letter from Hugo on the sons of priests (713–714).  This is one of 55 letters from Hugo that survive in Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Phill. 1694 (saec. xiiex): Epist. no. 36 in C.L. Hugo (1731), 379–380 (link).


ca. 1120   Versus de anulo, baculo, gladio, diademate

ca. 1120 poetry/polemic unknown
Versus de anulo, baculo, gladio, diademate [Verses on the ring, staff, sword, and diadem]
ed. H. Böhmer, MGH LdL 3: 724–725 (link)

two MSS
    München, BSB, clm 29110 (frag.)
    St-Omer, Bibliothèque municipale, 115, fol. 101v (saec. xiii) (link)


ca. 1120   Versus de anulo et baculo

ca. 1120 poetry/polemic unknown
Versus de anulo et baculo  [Verses on the ring and staff]
ed. E. Dümmler, MGH LdL 3: 726–728 (link)

two MSS
    Brussel, KBR, 10615-10729, fol. 69v-70r (saec. xii)
    Brussel, KBR, 9799-9809 (saec. xiiex)


ca. 1120   Gesta Galcheri episcopi Cameracensis

ca. 1120 history Cambrai
Gesta Galcheri episcopi Cameracensis  [Deeds of Walcher, bishop of Cambrai]
ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS 14: 186–210 (link)
ed. C. De Smet, Gestes des évêques de Cambrai (Paris, 1880), 1–180 (link)

one MS
    Paris, BnF, nouv. acq. lat. 264, fol. 118r-132v (saec. xii)

Versified deeds written by a partisan of the imperialist bishop Walcher, largely concerned with events in the 1090s and 1100s; one of several continuations of the Gesta episcoporum Cameracensium.


post 1120   Parvum Chronicon Chiemense

post 1120 history Bavaria
Parvum Chronicon Chiemense (vel Catalogus regum a Pipino ad Heinricum V et paparum ad Calixtum II)  [Herrenchiemsee small chronicle or catalog of kings from Pippin to Henry V and popes up to Calixtus II]
in Monumenta Boica 2 (1764), 375–381 (link)

one MSS
    München, BSB, clm 3519, fol. 43v-47v (saec. xii) (link)

There are sparse supplementary details beyond the regnal and papal lists, mainly confined to the most recent popes.


1121   Principum de restituenda pace consilium Wirceburgense

1121 misc Würzburg
Principum de restituenda pace consilium Wirceburgense [Würzburg resolution of princes for restoring peace]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 158 (link)
ed. K. Nass, MGH SS 37: 570 (link)

one MS
    Paris, BnF, 11851, fol. 223v-224r (saec. xii) (link), bottom margin of the codex of the Annalista Saxo.


ante 1122   Annales Romani

ante 1122 history Rome
Annales Romani [Roman annals]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 5: 468–480 (link)
*ed. L. Duchesne, Le Liber pontificalis 2 (Paris, 1892), 331–350 (link)

one MS
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1984, fol. 194r-196r & 200v-202v (saec. xii) (link

Annals covering certain years from the mid-eleventh century to 1121, with a later appendix treating 1182–1187.  Duchesne identifies four different sections: I (1044–1073); II (1111); III (1116–1121); IV (1182–1187): it is possible that they represent contemporary annals, even for the earliest period.


1122   Concordatum Wormatiense

1122 (23 Sept.) treaty Worms
Concordatum Wormatiense [Concordat of Worms]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 159–161 (link)

Privilegium imperatoris
   
Original in Vatican archives
        Vaticano, Archivio segreto Vaticano, Arm. 1, caps. VI, n. 11 (image)
    abbreviated version in at least four MSS (not including chronicles)
        München, BSB, clm 19411, fol. 74v-75r (saec. xiii) = B (link)
        Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 124v-125r (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
        Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611, 60r-v (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici
        Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, p. 274 (saec. xii) = Codex Udalrici

Privilegium pontificis
thirteen MSS (not including chronicles and legal collections)
    Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Can. 9 (olim P.I.9), fol. 127r (saec. xii) = B (link)
    Liège, Bibliothèque de l'université, 79 (saec. xiiin) = B
    London, BL, Cotton Claudius A.I., fol. 35v (saec. xii) = A
    London, BL, Cotton Domitianus, A. VIII., fol. 11v (saec. xiii) = A
    München, BSB, clm 19411, fol. 75r (saec. xiii) = B (link)
    Schaffhausen, Stadtbibliothek, Min. 39, fol. 126v (saec. xiiin) = B (link)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 1984, fol. 9r (saec. xii) = A
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 4939, fol. 215 (saec. xii) = A (link)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 430, fol. 1r (saec. xii) = B
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2178, fol. 171r (saec. xii) = A
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 398, fol. 124v-125r = C (Codex Udalrici)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 611, 60r-v = C (Codex Udalrici)
    Zwettl, Stiftsbibliothek, 283, p. 274 = C (Codex Udalrici)

Titled Pax Wormatiensis [Peace of Worms] in Weiland.


1122 Henry V and Calixtus II Epistolae de legatione Romana

1122 (Nov. & Dec.) letters Bamberg & Rome
Henry V and Calixtus II
Epistolae de legatione Romana [Letters on the Roman embassy]
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 162–163 (link)

one MS (according to Weiland)
    Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale, 463, fol. 1 (saec. xii)

These letters attest to a friendly diplomatic exchange between emperor and pope in the months following the Concordat of Worms.


ca. 1122 Eadmer of Canterbury Historia novorum in Anglia

ca. 1122 history Canterbury
Eadmer of Canterbury
Historia novorum in Anglia [History of recent events in England]
ed. M. Rule, Rolls Series (London, 1884) (link)

two MSS
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 452 (saec. xiiin) (link)
    London, BL, Cotton Titus A. IX (saec. xii2)

three MSS (post-1500)
    Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 341 (9. 1), pp. 1-166 (saec. xvi) (link)
    London, BL, Arundel 31 (saec. xvi)
    London, BL, Harley 357

Eadmer wrote the first four books in the early 1110s; the last two continue events up to 1122.


1122–1124 Geoffrey of Vendôme Tractatus de ordinatione episcoporum et de investitura laicorum...

1122–1124 polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
Tractatus de ordinatione episcoporum et de investitura laicorum...et quare sit heresis [Treatise on the ordination of bishops and lay investiture, and why it is a heresy]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 694–699 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 452–466

two MSS
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 130v-138r (saec. xii1)
    Vendôme, Bibliothèque municipale, 193, fol. 10v-21r (saec. xii1)

This is a reworking of several earlier treatises.


1122–1124 Geoffrey of Vendôme De promissionibus...

1122–1124 polemic Vendôme
Geoffrey, abbot of La Trinité de Vendôme (1093–1132)
De promissionibus, quas pro consecratione sub nomine professionis abbates faciunt episcopis  [On the promises, under the name of profession, that abbots make to bishops for consecration]
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 2: 699 (link)
ed. & trad. G. Giordanengo (Turnhout, 1996), 468–470

two MSS
    Le Mans, Bibliothèque municipale, 130, fol. 138r-139 (saec. xii1)
    Vendôme, Bibliothèque municipale, 193, fol. 21r-23r (saec. xii1)


1123   Concilium Lateranense

1123 (March) canon law Rome
Concilium Lateranense  [Lateran Council]
ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH LL 2.2: 182–183 (link)
ed. L. Weiland, MGH Const. 1: 574–576 (link)
ed. C. Leonardi & trans. N. Tanner, Decrees of the ecumenical councils 1 (Washington, 1990), 190–194

two MSS from the tweflth century used by editors, though there are others
    Vaticano, BAV, Reg. lat. 987, fol. 167r-v (saec. xii) (link)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 2178 (can. 91) (saec. xii)

Often referred to as the First Lateran Council, it has been included in the Catholic reckoning of ecumenical councils.


ca. 1125 William of Malmesbury Gesta regum Anglorum

ca. 1125 history Malmesbury
William of Malmesbury († post 1142)
Gesta regum Anglorum  [Deeds of the kings of the English]
ed. W. Stubbs, Rolls Series (1887-1889) vol. 1 (link) vol. 2 (link)
ed. & trans. R.A.B. Mynors, R.M. Thomson & M. Winterbottom (Oxford, 1998)

forty MSS according to Repertorium chronicarum (link)

Book V contains a fair bit of detail on the Investiture Controversy and its settlement.  William revised this work in the 1130s.


1126–1132 Honorius Augustodunensis Summa gloria

1126–1132 polemic Regensburg?
Honorius Augustodunensis
Summa gloria [The highest glory]
ed. J. Dieterich, MGH LdL 3: 63–80 (link)

twelve MSS
    Graz, Universitätsbibliothek, 248, fol. 51r et seq. (saec. xiv)
    Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibliothek, 382 (saec. xv)
    Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, 295, fol. 72 et seq. (saec. xiv)
    München, BSB, clm 22225, fol. 51-58v (saec. xii) (link)
    München, BSB, clm 14142, fol. 108r-114r (saec. xv) (link)
    Nuremberg, Germ. Nationalmuseum, 17a (saec. xiv)
    Oxford, Bodleian Library, Lyell 56 (saec. xii)
    Ottobeuron, Stiftsbibliothek, O.22 (saec. xv)
    Paris, Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, 93 (saec. xii)
    Sankt Florian, Stiftsbibliothek, 54, fol. 97v-104v (saec. xiv)
    Sankt Florian, Stiftsbibliothek, 152, fol. 1-8v (saec. xiv/xv)
    Wien, Schottenkloster Stiftsbibliothek, 142 (saec. xiv)

Honorius states in the prologue: et quia de regno et sacerdotio eius est materia, sit nomen eius Summa Gloria.


1128 Paul of Bernried Vita Gregorii VII papae

1128 hagiography Regensberg
Paul of Bernried
Vita Gregorii VII papae [Life of Pope Gregory VII]
ed. J.M. Watterich, Pontificum Romanorum vitae 1 (1862) 474–546 (link)

four MSS, all of the Magnum Legendarium Austriacum
    Admont, Stiftsbibliothek, 24, fol. 129v-143r (saec. xii2) (link)
    Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibliothek, 12, fol. 181v-199r (saec. xiiex)
    Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, 675 (saec. xv)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 336, fol. 248r-269r (saec. xiii)


BHL 3652.  Reproduces 21 of Gregory VII's letters within the narrative: see G7LDB (link)


1128–1132 Gerhoch of Reichersberg Liber de aedificio Dei

1128–1132 polemic Reichersberg
Gerhoch of Reichersberg (†1169)
Liber de aedificio Dei [Book on the edifice of God]
PL 194: 1187-1336 (link)
ed. E. Sackur, MGH LdL 3: 136–202 (link) (excerpts)

two MSS
    München, BSB, clm 5129, fol. 1v-85r (saec. xii) (link)
    München, BSB, clm 4556, fol. 1r-123r (saec. xv) (link)

Ten additional works by Gerhoch, dating from the mid-twelfth century, are included in MGH LdL 3 (ed. E. Sackur).


ca. 1132   Gesta Treverorum (additamentum et continuatio)

ca. 1132 history Trier
Gesta Treverorum (additamentum et continuatio prima)  [Deeds of Trier, first continuation with additions]
ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS 8: 175–200 (link)

thirteen MSS listed by Waitz (125–128) (link)
    Frankfurt, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek, lat. 4° 9, 2r-102v (saec. xiii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 6036 (saec. xiv)
    Sélestat, Bibliothèque humaniste 99 (olim 93) (saec. xii)
    Stuttgart, WLB, Cod. hist. 8° 13 (85) (saec. xii)
    Trier, Stadtbibliothek, 30 ?
    Trier, Stadtbibliothek, 1342a, fol. 175 et seq. (saec. xii)
    Trier, Stadtbibliothek, 1343 (saec. xiv)
    Trier, Stadtbibliothek, 1344 (saec. xiv)
    Venezia, Biblioteca nazionale Marciana, 403 (saec. xiii/xiv)
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 686
    Wien, ÖNB, Cod. 640 (olim 1069)
    Wolfenbüttel, HAB, Guelf. 3208 (saec. xii)
    Codex Scriverianus?

The continuation adds many details from the late eleventh century, in addition to continuing the narrative from 1101 to 1132.  It is possible that the continuator worked in stages up to 1132.


1132–1141   Vita Altmanni episcopi Pataviensis

1132–1141 hagiography Passau
Vita Altmanni episcopi Pataviensis [Life of Bishop Altmann of Passau]
ed. W. Wattenbach, MGH SS 12: 226–243 (link)

three MSS, all those of the Magnum Legendarium Austriacum
    Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsbibliothek, 13, fol. 86v-89v (saec. xiiex)
    Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek, 60, fol. 128r-133v (saec. xiii)
    Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, M. 6, fol. 201r-209v (saec. xv)

BHL 313. Biography of staunch Gregorian bishop who died in 1091.


1133–1138 Pandulf Liber pontificalis (continuationes)

1133–1138 biography Rome
Pandulf, cardinal-priest of Santi Apostoli
Liber pontificalis (continuationes)  [Book of pontiffs (continuations)]
ed. L. Duchesne, Le Liber pontificalis 2 (Paris, 1892), 311–327 (link

two MSS
    Tortosa, Biblioteca capitular, MS 246 (saec. xii)
    Vaticano, BAV, Vat. lat. 3672 (saec. xii) = Petrus Gulielmus

eleven later MS copies identified by Duchesne, xxvii-xxx (link)

Cardinal Pandulf, a supporter of Anacletus II, is likely responsible for the biographies of popes Gelasius II, Calixtus II, and Honorius II.


ante 1137  Landulf of San Paulo Historia Mediolanensis

ante 1137 history Milan
Landulf (junior) of San Paulo
Historia Mediolanensis [History of Milan]
ed. L. Bethman & P. Jaffé, MGH SS 20: 21–49 (link)
ed. C. Castiglioni, RIS nuova edn. 5/3 (Bologna, 1934), 3–39 (link)

one MS
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, H. 89 inf., fol. 73r-94r (saec. xiv)

two MSS (post-1500)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, N. 296 sup. (saec. xvii)
    Milano, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, R. 119 sup. (saec. xvii)


1139–1143 Suger of St-Denis Gesta Ludovici grossi

1139–1143 biography Paris
Suger, abbot of St-Denis
Gesta Ludovici grossi [Deeds of Louis the Fat]
ed. A. Molinier (Paris, 1887) (link)
*ed. H Waquet, Les classiques de l'histoire de France au moyen âge 11 (Paris, 1929)

five MSS (according to Molinier, but there are more)
    Paris, Bibliotheque Mazarine, 543 (sec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 5925 (saec. xiii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 12710 (saec. xiiex)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 17546 (saec. xii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 17657 (saec. xii)

two MSS (post-1500)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 5949 (saec. xvii)
    Paris, BnF, lat. 6265 (saec. xvi)

Suger's biography contains an important account of the council of Châlons in 1107, where imperial representatives met with Paschal II: §9, 26–32, as well as an account of the 1111 negotiations.


ca. 1140 Peter the Deacon et al. Chronica monasterii Casinensis

ca. 1140 (ca. 1099, ca. 1127, ca. 1140) history Montecassino
Leo Marsicanus/Guido of Montecassino/Peter the Deacon
Chronica monasterii Casinensis  [Chronicle of Montecassino]
ed. H. Hoffmann, MGH SS 34 (link)

twenty-three MSS (ante-1500): see Hoffmann, xxx-xxxii (link), of which the most important is
    Montecassino, Archivio e Biblioteca dell'Abbazia, 450 (saec. xiimed)

The chronicle was begun by Leo Marsicanus at the end of the eleventh century; he brought the narrative up to 1075.  It was continued by the monk Guido up to 1127.  Guido's work was revised and continued by Peter the Deacon ca. 1140. It is Guido's portion that is most relevant to the Investiture Controversy, but the dating of this entry reflects Peter's revision.

In Hoffmann's edition: 3–409 (Leo Marsicanus, various redactions [link]); 409–556 (Guido of Montecassino as revised by Peter [link]); 556–604 (Peter the Deacon's continuation [link]).


ante 1144   Annales Patherbrunnenses

ante 1144 history Paderborn or Corvey
Annales Patherbrunnenses  [Paderborn annals]
ed. P. Scheffer-Boichorst (Innsbruck, 1870): 92–170 (link)
ed. H. Kaufmann, MGH SS 30/2: 1330–1332 (link) (annis 1112–1118)

no surviving MSS: annals are reconstructed from fragments incorporated elsewhere.


 

keywords: Investiture Controversy Struggle Conflict Contest Sources Polemics Polemical Literature Middle Ages Medieval Kings Holy Roman Emperors Popes Church Reform Clerical Celibacy Excommunication Canossa Concordat Gregory VII Urban II Paschal II Calixtus II Henry IV Henry V