| Coffee in Brazil
James Hayes-Bohanan , Ph.D.
Coffee Maven and Geographer
Bridgewater State College
UPDATED November 12, 2008
In October 2008, I went to a conference a few days early, in order to learn about emerging specialty coffee in the world's largest coffee-producing country. See photos of this trip on Flickr in the Brazil 08 set, which includes both the coffeelands and the other places I visited.
I have expanded this site's information about coffee shops, coffee roasters, coffee tours, health effects,
and coffee preparation, and have moved that information to other pages. Please explore!
|In the background of the same
hundreds of coffee trees, all simultaneously displaying the first of
what will be four flowering episodes in the annual cycle. These trees
are grown in full sun, to maximize the harvest and to minimize the
effects of fungi.
Another difference is the manner of the harvest. Rather than pick individual beans, as specialty coffee produers in Nicaragua do, Brazilian farmers are more likely to harvest the entire crop at once, agitating or pulling the fruit from the branches and allowing them to fall into pans that are placed beneath the trees. This results in a mix of degrees of maturity in one harvest, but this is considered acceptable, given the much lower labor costs.
|Coffee consumption in Brazil is nearly
constant, in the form of tiny cafezinhos,
such as the one I am shown enjoying at the top of this page. Each time
I visit Brazil, however, I find that coffee-shop culture is evolving
very rapidly, as it is globally. The artistry in this cup of cappuccino
is a fine example, with a single roasted bean emphasizing the
coffee-bean pattern of the cream, caramel, and cocoa on top of my
friend Guil's drink.
At right, my friends Guil and Ayr await their cappuccinos at Havanna, a trendy chain of coffee shops from Argentina. (All of my Brazilian friends will be happy if I take this opportunity to remind my readers that Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina, while Brasilia is the capital of Brazil -- two facts that seem to be missing in U.S. geographic education.