PHIL301 -- Ancient Philosophy -- Fall 2019
Click here for the syllabus.
Scroll to bottom for newest entry. Please check this page frequently for announcements, assignments, web links of interest, and so on.
To begin with, here are some sites you ought to get to know. Our
department web site includes this
list of student research tools.
I'll be mentioning this: the famous painting "The Death of Socrates" by Jacques-Louis David (1787). (Bonus: now updated with meme goodness)
This is really interesting: Prof. Stephen Hicks on the
pre-Socratics and the birth of philosophy.
Prof. Hicks on Socrates' argument that he shouldn't escape from prison.
My recent column on the common misreading of Plato as a utopian totalitarian.
The great Orson Welles narrates this video version of the Cave allegory.
Totally Optional Plato-Related Movie:
As we've seen in book VIII-IX, Plato argues that by being unjust, one harms oneself, and that to look after oneself properly requires justice. According to the theory Plato develops, being just and virtuous is one’s self-interest, and being unjust and vicious is destructive of the self, not likely to promote one's happiness. For a great fictional dramatization of this theme, I highly recommend the 1998 film noir A Simple Plan. It's a crime thriller, but I think it's also an outstanding illustration of Plato's argument. As it happens, I have written on this, and should you be interested, the essay appears in the book The Philosophy of Neo-Noir, edited by Mark T. Conard (Univ. Press of Kentucky, 2007). There is a pdf of the essay here, but see the movie first - you can get it from Netflix, e.g. (Note-you may have to rotate the PDF, it scanned sideways. Go to "view"; "rotate"; counterclockwise).
Assignment for First Paper:
Even though this will be submitted electronically, the paper should be formatted as if for printing: 6-8 pages, double-spaced, in Times New Roman, 12-point, with 1-inch margins on all sides. Do not submit incorrectly formatted papers. Put your name, date, and "PHIL301" on the top right of page 1, and number the pages. Use MS WORD, meaning a .doc or a .docx file, and submit electronically via Blackboard. If you are having trouble uploading to Blackboard, you may send it as an attachment sent from your bridgew.edu email account. This is due NLT 9:00 am Monday October 28.
Topic: Central to understanding anything else in Plato is his theory of Forms. What are the Forms? Consider at least two of Plato's arguments discussing the forms: one from the central books of Republic, and one other, perhaps (but not necessarily) the one in the Symposium. Compare, critically analyze, and evaluate these arguments, and say first of all what you take Plato to be saying, and second of all whether you find this persuasive.
Final Plato readings: Gorgias and Protagoras selections: (Gorg) 453a-456a, 459a-461, 467c-468c, 473a-e, 503a-504; (Prot)332-334c, 356c-end.
Next week we begin Aristotle. Please read Categories and
Optional readings on Aristotle you may find illuminating, amusing, or both:
Here's a way to think about Aristotle's ethics via Seinfeld.
Here's a way to think about Aristotle's ethics via The Lord of the Rings.
Assignment for Second Paper:
Paper should be 6-8 pages, double-spaced, formatted in Times New Roman, 12-point, with 1-inch margins on all sides. Your name, date, and "PHIL301" top right. Do not submit incorrectly formatted papers. Be sure that your thesis statement addresses the prompt clearly and specifically. Use WORD (so, a file ending in .doc or .docx), and submit electronically either on Blackboard or as an attachment sent from your bridgew.edu email account. This is due in my inbox NLT 10:00am, Monday, Dec 16.
Topic - CHOOSE ONE:
1) Explain Aristotle's criticism of Plato's understanding of the relationship between universals and particulars. What does Aristotle suggest instead? All things considered, which is more plausible and why?
2) Explain the role of practical reason in Aristotle's account of human virtue, friendship, and flourishing.